sudden infant death syndrome

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sudden infant death syndrome

(SIDS) or

crib death,

sudden, unexpected, and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age (usually between two weeks and eight months old). SIDS accounts for 10% of infant deaths and is the second highest cause of death (after accidents) in infancy. The risk is higher in males, in low-birth-weight infants, in lower socioeconomic levels, during cold months, and for babies who sleep face down.

Causal theories suggest that the infant may have immature or hypersensitive lungs, may have a defect in brain-stem control of breathing, or may be rebreathing carbon dioxide. Recent studies have shown persistent high levels of an infant form of hemoglobinhemoglobin
, respiratory protein found in the red blood cells (erythrocytes) of all vertebrates and some invertebrates. A hemoglobin molecule is composed of a protein group, known as globin, and four heme groups, each associated with an iron atom.
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 in babies with known risk factors for the condition.

SIDS victims are thought to have brief episodes of apnea (breathing stoppage) before the fatal one. An alarm system that detects breathing abnormalities is sometimes used with infants suspected of being prone to SIDS. The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended that babies be laid to sleep on their backs or sides.

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sudden infant death syndrome

[′səd·ən ′in·fənt ¦deth ′sin‚drōm]
The sudden and unexpected death of an apparently normal infant that remains unexplained after the performance of an adequate autopsy. Abbreviated SIDS. Also known as crib death; sudden death syndrome.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: How Much Mothers And Health Professionals Know.
Infant sleeping position and the risk of sudden infant death syndrome in California, 1997-2000.
Rognum (Ed.), Sudden infant death syndrome: New trends in the nineties (pp.
Apnea of prematurity, sudden infant death syndrome, and apparent life-threatening events.
The most important risk factors for sudden infant death, such as poor organization of life, lack of stimulation of the child's development, premature and / or low body weight at birth, maternal smoking during pregnancy, sharing the bed with parent(s) often associated with sleep disturbances in infants aged 2 to 6 months (Kelmanson, 2010).
The National Institutes of Health has expanded its "Back to Sleep" campaign to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome to encompass an sleep-related, sudden unexpected infant deaths, or SUIDs.
national campaign to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome has entered a new phase and will now encompass all sleep-related, sudden unexpected infant deaths, officials of the National Institutes of Health announced today.
Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, sudden infant death syndrome, and maternal pregnancy complications were also leading causes of death, according to the report.
According to a study conducted by experts in Al Ain in 2008, 67 per cent of parents use soft objects and bed spreads hoping to make the bed comfortable for babies, 37 per cent share bed space with infants, and 50 per cent allow babies to sleep on their side and stomach, all of which could cause Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (Sids), warned Dr Edward E.
SUDDEN INFANT DEATH SYNDROME (SIDS) remains one of the leading causes of death in infants one month to one year of age.
Furthermore, 40 babies die from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDs) every year caused by passive smoking -one in five of all SIDs deaths.
Infants who slept in a bedroom with a fan ventilating the air had a 72 percent lower risk of Sudden infant Death Syndrome compared to infants who slept in a bedroom without a Ian, according to a new study by the Kaiser Permanente Division of Research.

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