sudden infant death syndrome

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Related to Sudden Infant Death: SIDS

sudden infant death syndrome

(SIDS) or

crib death,

sudden, unexpected, and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age (usually between two weeks and eight months old). SIDS accounts for 10% of infant deaths and is the second highest cause of death (after accidents) in infancy. The risk is higher in males, in low-birth-weight infants, in lower socioeconomic levels, during cold months, and for babies who sleep face down.

Causal theories suggest that the infant may have immature or hypersensitive lungs, may have a defect in brain-stem control of breathing, or may be rebreathing carbon dioxide. Recent studies have shown persistent high levels of an infant form of hemoglobinhemoglobin
, respiratory protein found in the red blood cells (erythrocytes) of all vertebrates and some invertebrates. A hemoglobin molecule is composed of a protein group, known as globin, and four heme groups, each associated with an iron atom.
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 in babies with known risk factors for the condition.

SIDS victims are thought to have brief episodes of apnea (breathing stoppage) before the fatal one. An alarm system that detects breathing abnormalities is sometimes used with infants suspected of being prone to SIDS. The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended that babies be laid to sleep on their backs or sides.

sudden infant death syndrome

[′səd·ən ′in·fənt ¦deth ′sin‚drōm]
(medicine)
The sudden and unexpected death of an apparently normal infant that remains unexplained after the performance of an adequate autopsy. Abbreviated SIDS. Also known as crib death; sudden death syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ford RP, Taylor BJ, Mitchell EA, et al: Breastfeeding and the risk of sudden infant death syndrome.
Pulmonary arterial abnormalities in the sudden infant death syndrome.
IT IS the most tragic thing that can happen to a family and despite years of research, the causes of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) remain a mystery.
There is a serious question over the basis for the figures which do not include sudden infant deaths whose cause is registered by pathologists as 'unascertained'.
The role of factors such as genetics in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome have come under the spotlight following a string of cases in which parents were wrongly convicted of murdering their babies.
He said in his opinion it was Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.
A Wrexham inquest yesterday heard how little Medi Ellen Davies was a victim of sudden infant death syndrome.
Experts were unable to find any cause of death and believe it was sudden infant death syndrome.
It was more consistent for postneonatal mortality due to respiratory causes and sudden infant death syndrome.
They found cases of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (Sids) peaked on Saturdays and Sundays.
VALENCIA - A woman whose 10-month-old daughter was found dead in her car during a traffic stop this week in Castaic lost another infant three years ago to sudden infant death syndrome, a police spokesman in her hometown of Sacramento said Friday.
The Foundation for the Study of Infant Deaths launched a new, expanded BabyZone booklet earlier this year to help parents protect their baby from sudden infant death through accidents, cot death and infections.

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