Sudetes

(redirected from Sudeten)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Sudeten: Sudetenland, Sudeten Mountains

Sudetes

(so͞odē`tēz), Czech Sudety, Ger. Sudeten, mountain range, along the border of the Czech Republic and Poland, extending c.185 mi (300 km) between the Elbe and Oder rivers. It is continued on the W by the Erzgebirge and on the E by the Carpathians. The Sudetes are divided into several groups. Farthest west, bordering on SE Germany, are the Lusatian (Pol. Luzické) Mts; along the border with SW Poland are, from west to east, the Isergebirge, the Krkonoše (Ger. Riesengebirge), the Adlergebirge, and the Jeseniky mts. The mineral deposits of the Sudetes are varied, but working mines have begun to decline in numbers. Industry flourishes on both slopes of the Sudetes; glass and porcelain, paper, and textiles are the chief products. Home industries have long held an important place in the Sudetes. There are also numerous mineral springs and resorts. The region was largely German-speaking until 1945. However, the term "Sudeten Germans" designated all the German-speaking population in the regions of Czechoslovakia bordering on Germany. The Sudetenland, home of these Germans for centuries, has always been a part of Bohemia. The Sudeten German party, founded by Konrad Henlein in 1934, was an offshoot of the German National Socialist party. In 1938 the party became Hitler's chief instrument in the events leading to the Munich PactMunich Pact,
1938. In the summer of 1938, Chancellor Hitler of Germany began openly to support the demands of Germans living in the Sudetenland (see Sudetes) of Czechoslovakia for an improved status. In September, Hitler demanded self-determination for the Sudetenland.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and the annexation of the Sudetenland to Germany. The districts were recovered by Czechoslovakia in 1945, and most of the German population was summarily expelled.

Sudetes

 

a mountain system in Western Europe in Poland, Czechoslovakia, and the German Democratic Republic. The Sudetes extend 310 km from northwest to southeast and consist of individual ranges and massifs separated by longitudinal tectonic depressions. An elevated edge of the Bohemian Massif, they rise to an elevation of 1,602 m, at Mount Snézka in the Krkonose Hory. The mountains are composed primarily of granites, gneisses, Paleozoic schists, and volcanic rocks, mainly basalts and porphyries; the depressions have Cretaceous sandstones and marls. The peaks are usually smooth, and the slopes are steep. The pectinate zone of the Krkonose Hory has cirques, glacial troughs, and other glacial formations. There are also outliers of weathered granites.

The Elbe, Oder, and Morava rivers originate in the Sudetes. The climate is temperate; the average January temperature ranges from –4°C to –7°C, and the average July temperature ranges from 8°C to 14°C. Annual precipitation is 700–1,400 mm; in the winter there is a constant snow cover. The lower parts of the slopes are covered with oak and beech forests; at higher elevations there are spruce and fir forests, which at elevations of 1,200–1,300 m give way to shrubs, meadows, and peat bogs.

The Krkonoše National Park, located in the Sudetes, lies in Poland and Czechoslovakia. The Sudetes have numerous balneological resorts, including the Polish resorts Lądek Zdrój, Polanica Zdrój, Duszniki Zdrój, Kudowa Zdrój, Cieplice Śląskie Zdrój, Szczawno Zdrój, and Sweradów Zdrój and the Czechoslovakian resort Janské Lázné. The mountains attract hikers and skiers.

K. G. TARASOV

References in periodicals archive ?
This contract is the design and establishment of showrooms and sales areas (permanent exhibition, temporary exhibition and foyer) for the Sudeten German Museum in Munich.
The navy was not fooled--Shell's offer was a ploy to poison Germany's relationship with Mexico, which had been a reliable partner even during the Sudeten crisis that year.
the support of the Sudeten Germans) 'which none could question' and a 'lust for conquest on a Napoleonic scale' with which presumably Churchill credited Hitler but which Halifax himself 'did not credit.
But the rulers took no heed in this respect instead of taking solid Sudeten advances.
After the war, Bavaria accepted many of the expellees, also known as Sudeten Germans.
To the south it rises into the Sudeten and Carpathian ranges, and to the north it opens up to the plains of central Poland.
Chapter six focuses on the agendas and policies of Sudeten German Nazis to reclaim children allegedly lost to interwar Czech assimilation, and thus rehabilitate and purify a humiliated nation.
He claims that if Israel withdraws from the West Bank, Israel will become a ghetto with Auschwitz borders, as taking the West Bank out of Israel's control is tantamount to Hitler's seizure of the Sudeten district from Czechoslovakia in 1938.
Slightly less well-known are three stories which illustrate the confusion that Eastern Europeans and Germans feel about their pasts: the recovery of war dead in the former East Germany, the post-war use of concentration camps, and the issue of the Sudeten Germans.
Among others, Zelezny's rejection of Lisbon thus comes, in part, from the fear that the Charter will allow the former Sudeten Germans of Czechoslovakia who are now German citizens to claim property compensation (as EU citizens) in the Luxembourg Court of Justice of the EU.
The Poles immediately set about kicking all of the Germans out of their new territory as did the Czechs in the case of the Sudeten Germans.
In 1997, the governments of the Czech Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany signed an agreement to seal their post-World War II reconciliation thus ending decades of ill will which dated back to the 1938 Munich Agreement and Nazi occupation of the Czech lands, as well as the 1945 expulsion of Sudeten Germans from Czechoslovakia.