Suez

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Suez

(so͞oĕz`), city (1996 pop. 417,610), NE Egypt, at the northern end of the Gulf of Suez and at the southern terminus of the Suez Canal. An important port with extensive facilities, it is also a refueling station, a holding area for ships entering the canal, and a center for the storage and refining of oil. Petroleum products, paper, and fertilizers are major manufactures. Suez is linked by rail with Ismailia and Cairo; oil is conveyed by pipelines to Cairo and Alexandria. The city is also a departure point for pilgrims on their way to Mecca.

Although the site of the city was occupied in antiquity, Suez was little more than a small village throughout most of its history. In the 16th cent. it became a naval and trading station under the Ottoman Turks. After the completion (1869) of the Suez Canal the city became a major port. Its economy suffered during the periods that the canal was closed following the Arab-Iraeli Wars. Suez became a tax-free industrial zone after the canal permanently reopened in 1975.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Suez

 

(also As Suways), a city in northeastern Egypt and capital of the province of Suez. Population, 315,000 (1970, estimate). Suez is a port on the Suez Canal at the entrance to the Red Sea. A junction of railroad lines, vehicular roads, and air routes, the city is an important transportation and industrial center. It has oil-refining and petrochemical industries.

A navigation canal was built near Suez, linking the Nile with the Red Sea, in the second millennium B.C. It was filled in A.D. 776. In ancient times, Suez, then the ancient Greek settlement of Clysma, was known as a trade center, but it lost its importance during the Middle Ages. The revival of Suez coincides with the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869. During the Israeli aggression of 1967 and military actions in the Near East in October 1973, Suez suffered severe destruction. Rebuilding was begun in 1974.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Suez

1. a port in NE Egypt, at the head of the Gulf of Suez at the S end of the Suez Canal: an ancient trading site and a major naval station under the Ottoman Empire; port of departure for pilgrims to Mecca; oil-refining centre. It suffered severely in the Arab-Israeli conflicts of 1967 and 1973. Pop.: 513 000 (2005 est.)
2. Isthmus of. a strip of land in NE Egypt, between the Mediterranean and the Red Sea: links Africa and Asia and is crossed by the Suez Canal
3. Gulf of. the NW arm of the Red Sea: linked with the Mediterranean by the Suez Canal
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
North Ramadan Concession Agreement was signed for Petroleum Exploration and Exploitation in the Gulf of Suez, Egypt between the Arab Republic of Egypt and The Egyptian General Corporation as one part and consortium of ONGC Videsh Ltd.
The Norwegian semi-submersible service rigs owner Prosafe ASA said on Monday (16 January) that it had been awarded a five-year contract extension by Gemsa Petroleum Company for operation and maintenance of the floating production, storage and offloading vessel (FPSO) Al Zaafarana in the Gulf of Suez, Egypt.
He went to Suez, Egypt, in 1950 and spent 18 months there before leaving the Army in 1952.
* UK-based Regal Petroleum has signed an agreement to acquire LK Exploration (LKE)'s interest in petroleum exploration and production rights in the East Ras Budran Area, Gulf of Suez, Egypt. The transaction is subject to Egyptian government approval.
-- UK-based Regal Petroleum has signed a heads on agreement to acquire LK Exploration (LKE)'s interest in certain petroleum exploration and production rights in the East Ras Budran Area, Gulf of Suez, Egypt. The transaction is subject to Egyptian government approval.
Les served in the Royal Marines, took part in the D-Day landings, served in Suez, Egypt and the desert campaign as a corporal.
Kuwait's Ambassador to Egypt Mohammad Al-Thuwaikh during his visit to Kuwaiti soldiers graves in Suez governorate SUEZ, Egypt, Oct 6 (KUNA) -- The 1973 October, which pitched Arab forces against Israel in the Sinai region and elsewhere, was reflective of the strength and solidarity of Arab nations against a common foe, said a Kuwaiti diplomat Saturday.
New Japanese school in Suez, Egypt - CC CAIRO -- 28 April 2018: Egypt's Ministry of Education will choose teachers soon to be trained in the Japanese education system, Tokkatsu, which will be applied at 40 Egyptian-Japanese schools in different governorates in September, sources inside the ministry told Egypt Today.
On Saturday, seven members of the Islamic group 'Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice' in Suez, Egypt, decided to promote virtue by trying to whip a woman on the street due to her "un-Islamic" dress.
A police officer gestures as he joins antigovernment protesters, also above, in Suez, Egypt
Beach Energy Limited (ASX:BPT) (PINK:BEPTF) said the NS377-5 oil development well (North Shadwan Development Lease, Gulf of Suez, Egypt, Beach 20%) has reached a total depth of 2909m MD (-1767m TVD SS) after intersecting a gross oil column of 107m in the Kareem Formation sandstone of Miocene age.