Sufi Literature

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sufi Literature


works in various languages that express and advocate the ideas of Sufism.

Sufism had an important influence on medieval literature, especially poetry, that was written in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu, and other languages of the Middle East. Sufi doctrines and organizations provided more freedom to literature than did the court poetry of the feudal period. The Sufis used elements of folklore in their literature.

The works of Nizami, Navoi, Hafiz, and Jami were more or less related to Sufism. The verse of such Sufi poets as Sanai (died c. 1140), Attar (born c. 1119), and Rumi (1207–73) protested against feudal oppression from the standpoint of “divine justice” and criticized evil rulers, religious fanaticism, and the greed and hypocrisy of the orthodox Muslim clergy. The poetic forms used by these writers were similar to the folk song, parable, and fairy tale.

Sufi poetry written in Persian (Farsi) flourished from the 12th to 15th centuries. Later major poets linked with the Sufi tradition included Hatif Isfahani (17th century) and Bedil (18th century). There are several Sufi poets in Iran and Pakistan.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to another view it is derived from the Arabic verb safwe which means "those who are selected" - a meaning quoted frequently in Sufi literature. The problem with understanding Sufism, is thus illustrated by the diversity of possible derivations of the word itself.
The late spiritual guide had not received formal education though but had extensive study on mysticism, philosophy and Sufi literature and loved poetry drenched in Sufi thoughts, the release said.
A two day conference on 'the role of Sufi literature in the promotion of peace and tolerance'' Wednesday began at the Government College University Lahore under the auspices of the university's Persian Department and Higher Education Commission.
Although both men and women practice Sufism, the presence of women in Sufi literature remains minimal.
Lumbard argues persuasively that Ahmad's bold take on love was a "watershed event in Sufi history, the impact of which has shaped Persian Sufi literature to this day" (p.
Tirmizi, who was invited to speak to students about Sufi literature and music in South Asia, referred to the history of Sufism and how the Sufis contributed in spreading Islam in the region during the 10th and 11th centuries.
Pathanay Khan has mostly sung Kafiis based on sufi literature of Khawaja Ghulam Farid and Shah Hussain.
It is observed that Sufi literature and approach stresses the nearness, prescience and immanence of God rather than His distance and transcendence.
It is said that through this story of romantic love, he tried to portray the love of man for God (the quintessential subject of Sufi literature).
(Masnavi, Home Office, 3409 bits) Sufi literature from both the symbolism and symbolism (symbolism) dealt, on the one hand concepts in religious texts (Qur'an and Hadith) was interpreted by reading symbolistie and on the other hand, in the mystical poetry was involved in the creation of new symbols.
This is reflected in the Sufi literature of the time with its accounts of encounters and dialogues with Brahmins and others.