Sufi Literature

Sufi Literature


works in various languages that express and advocate the ideas of Sufism.

Sufism had an important influence on medieval literature, especially poetry, that was written in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu, and other languages of the Middle East. Sufi doctrines and organizations provided more freedom to literature than did the court poetry of the feudal period. The Sufis used elements of folklore in their literature.

The works of Nizami, Navoi, Hafiz, and Jami were more or less related to Sufism. The verse of such Sufi poets as Sanai (died c. 1140), Attar (born c. 1119), and Rumi (1207–73) protested against feudal oppression from the standpoint of “divine justice” and criticized evil rulers, religious fanaticism, and the greed and hypocrisy of the orthodox Muslim clergy. The poetic forms used by these writers were similar to the folk song, parable, and fairy tale.

Sufi poetry written in Persian (Farsi) flourished from the 12th to 15th centuries. Later major poets linked with the Sufi tradition included Hatif Isfahani (17th century) and Bedil (18th century). There are several Sufi poets in Iran and Pakistan.

References in periodicals archive ?
Pathanay Khan has mostly sung Kafiis based on sufi literature of Khawaja Ghulam Farid and Shah Hussain.
The scholars expressed that Sufi literature and tradition played an important role in the uplift of the society and promoted ethical and social values.
In Sufi literature the dream mainly appears as a means for conducting a dialogue with deceased Sufis and holy men or even with the Prophet and for receiving messages warnings or bits of advice.
Masnavi, Home Office, 3409 bits) Sufi literature from both the symbolism and symbolism (symbolism) dealt, on the one hand concepts in religious texts (Qur'an and Hadith) was interpreted by reading symbolistie and on the other hand, in the mystical poetry was involved in the creation of new symbols.
This is reflected in the Sufi literature of the time with its accounts of encounters and dialogues with Brahmins and others.
In Sufi literature, this Christian girl as the earthly manifestation of divine love in human form represents love as the first step on the divine path (Lewis 697).
He spent seventeen years in Iran extensively studying Sufi literature and poetry before coming to the United States in 1993 to finish his residency training in pediatrics from Columbia University.
Annemarie Schimmel, "Eros - Heavenly and Not So Heavenly - in Sufi Literature and Life", in Society and the Sexes in Medieval Islam, ed.
Richard Burton, an explorer and a Sufi wrote The Kasidah which is considered one of the most remarkable creations representing the best in Sufi literature in the West.
He is praised in classical Sufi literature, however, for the uncompromising eloquence and theological sophistication of some of his statements.
In nineteen short chapters Schimmel presents a variety of samplings of mostly Sufi literature dealing with Jesus and, to a lesser extent, with his mother Mary.
Containing more than 500 letters written during almost a quarter of a century, the Maktubat are a classic of early modern Sufi literature, an increasingly important field of research where critical examinations and scholarly translations of sources are still needed.