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Suger(süzhĕr`), 1081–1151, French cleric and statesman, abbot of Saint-Denis from 1122, minister of kings Louis VI and Louis VII. Born into a peasant family and educated at the abbey of Saint-Denis, Suger was noted for his financial ability and his talent for conciliation. In 1147, Louis VII left on crusade and appointed a council of regency, of which Suger was the leading member. During his administration (1147–49) Suger succeeded in maintaining peace at home and in raising funds to meet the king's expenses. He liberated the abbey at Saint-Denis from the tribute formerly paid to exploiters, recovered alienated properties, built a new church, and enriched it with works of art; the church is sometimes considered the first great work of Gothic architectureGothic architecture and art,
structures (largely cathedrals and churches) and works of art first created in France in the 12th cent. that spread throughout Western Europe through the 15th cent., and in some locations into the 16th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. . At the same time he introduced a more severe discipline. His biography of Louis VI, whom he had known as a classmate, remains an important historical source; he also wrote fragments of a life of Louis VII, an account of his renovation of Saint-Denis (tr. 1946), and a work on his administration of the abbey.
Born circa 1081, in Saint-Denis or Argenteuil; died Jan. 13,1151, in Saint-Denis.
Suger was abbot of the abbey of Saint-Denis, near Paris, from 1122 and was counselor to the French kings Louis VI and Louis VII. He was prominent in state administration and was regent of France in 1147–49, when Louis VII was on a crusade. His policy was aimed at placing the clerical and secular feudal lords completely under the power of the king. Suger is the author of a number of works that constitute a valuable source on the history of France.
WORKSOeuvres. Paris, 1867.
Vie de Louis VI le Gros. Paris, 1964.
In Russian translation:
“Kniga o delakh upravleniia. ...” Uch. zap. Leningradskogo pedagogicheskogo in-ta im. Gertsena, 1941, vol. 45, pp. 260–74.