Suggestion


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suggestion

Psychol the process whereby the mere presentation of an idea to a receptive individual leads to the acceptance of that idea

Suggestion

 

in the broad sense of the word, an influence on the personality leading either to the appearance in a person, without (and sometimes against) his will and consciousness, of a definite state (for example, cheerfulness, confidence), feelings (such as fear), and attitudes (to an object, to oneself, or to one’s own condition) or to the accomplishment of an act not directly proceeding from the norms and principles of activity that the individual accepts. The object of suggestion can be either the individual person or groups, collectives, and social strata (the phenomenon of mass suggestion). The psychological mechanisms of suggestion lie to a large extent in the realm of the unconscious.

Individual and mass suggestion are one of the regulators of human interrelations. Several phenomena in education, the effects of advertising, and the widespread acceptance of fashion are based on acts of suggestion. Suggestion is also the basic means in the formation of belief and religious convictions and is one of the psychological mechanisms in the phenomenon of conformity.

REFERENCES

Bekhterev, V. M. Vnushenie i vospitanie. St. Petersburg, 1912.
Kulikov, V. N. “ Voprosy psikhologii vnusheniia v obshchestvennoi zhizni. In the collection Problemy obshchestvennoi psikhologii. Moscow, 1965. [5_494_4]

Suggestion

 

in medicine, a method of treatment in which the physician convinces a patient, who is either awake or under hypnosis, that the disease from which he suffers will run a favorable course and that he will recover; the patient can also be convinced of the possibility of overcoming various symptoms of the illness.

Suggestion can be applied as an independent method or it can be combined with medications and other methods of treatment. It is used in neuroses, several forms of mental disorders, neurosis of internal organs, and other illnesses. The effect of suggestion as a treatment depends on the makeup of the patient’s personality and on the particularities of his illness. The basic scientific, physiological principles of suggestion as treatment in a hypnotic state were developed by I. P. Pavlov and his school. The essence of the method is use of the dependence of the activity of internal organs and systems on the function of the central nervous system; by suggestion it is possible to bring about a certain normalization when there is a disturbance of these organs and systems. In addition to this, suggestion can change the patient’s attitude toward his illness and some of its symptoms. Any method of treatment contains elements of suggestion; the patient’s faith in the favorable outcome of the illness and in the doctor’s prescriptions enhances the effectiveness and shortens the period of the treatment. However, in most dis-eases of the internal organs, organic brain diseases, psychoses, and so on, suggestion cannot be employed as an independent method of treatment but is part of a composite treatment that includes medications, physiotherapy, and other methods applicable to each specific disease.

Autosuggestion exists as a special method in psychotherapy; it also forms a basis for several other psychotherapeutic methods, such as autogenous training.

Suggestion, as in the case of other methods, is to be carried out only by a physician; he determines the extent and the indications for the specific method of suggestion.

Suggestion can also exert a negative influence on the course of a disease. The conversations of neighbors about the disease and its symptoms, details of the descriptions of dis-eases in medical literature, and careless use of terms and explanations by the physician can cause anxiety in the patient and make him think that he exhibits symptoms of a serious and even incurable disease. Both the positive and negative effects of suggestion are realized by auto-suggestion—the patient’s conviction of the effectiveness, truthfulness, and accuracy of information obtained from the physician, medical personnel, neighbors, material read by the patient, and other sources.

REFERENCE

Platonov, K. I. Slovo kak fiziologicheskii lechebnyi faktor, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1962. (Bibliography.)

B. S. BAMDAS

References in classic literature ?
But no matter; I would not stoop to make such a suggestion; if he is not noble enough to suggest it himself, he is welcome to this advantage, which no honorable man would take."
To save his face he began making suggestions for altering it, but Mrs.
Those awarded--welders and mechanics assigned to Combat Logistics Regiment 15, 1st Marine Logistics Group (Forward)--were selected for the recognition by the Marine Corps' Beneficial Suggestion Program after fabricating from scratch a steel cover, complete with protective glass windows, that fits over the cab of the TRAM.
Incentives are offered via a monthly draw for two $100 gift certificates, and after a year, the person whose suggestion results in the best net savings is given a $5,000 gift certificate/trip voucher.
Lanham's suggestion is that in many cases your first draft may be your best work.
Another suggestion that comes up repeatedly is "more foreign-born priests, please." At a few meetings I've gone to, or heard about, some clergy and laity have been irritated by this suggestion.
Suggestion schemes are used by organisations as a way of gathering ideas from their employees to increase productivity, cut costs, or improve working conditions.
Facebook was sued in Illinois over the tag suggestion feature and a federal appeals court has ruled the lawsuit can proceed.
Youth and Sports Minister Syed Saddiq Abdul Rahman today rejected the suggestion by Malaysian Trade Unions Congress' (MTUC) to raise the mandatory retirement age from 60 to 65, saying the priority should be to give young people jobs and for promotion based on merit, not age.
EMIRATES Global Aluminium (EGA) has announced that it had achieved Dh20.8 million ($5.7 million) in cost savings through its suggestion scheme during the first half of 2019.
Summary: Emirates Global Aluminium (EGA) on Sunday announced that it achieved cost savings of Dh20.8 million through its suggestion scheme during the...
KARACHI -- In a not-so-surprising move, the government of Malaysia had come out with a suggestion included in an elementary-school textbook, stating that girls should dress modestly to prevent sexual assault.