Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
See A. F. Wright, The Sui Dynasty: The Unification of China, A.D. 581–617 (1978).
a dynasty in China that ruled from 581 to 618. The Sui dynasty was founded by the military leader Yang Chien, who ruled as Emperor Wenti from 581 to 604. In 589, Wenti united South and North China, ending the domination of the north by non-Chinese peoples. He introduced reforms to centralize the country’s government and, in the early part of his reign, made some concessions to the peasantry.
Under Emperor Yang Kuang (also Yang-ti), who ruled from 605 to 617, the main part of the Grand Canal was constructed. Yang Kuang waged aggressive wars against Korea between 611 and 614, against the Vietnamese government of Van Xuan in the south, and against T’uyühun and Turkic tribes in the west. His reign was marked by extreme despotism and intensified exploitation of the peasants.
The Sui dynasty fell as a result of peasant uprisings between 611 and 618 and feudal internecine strife. In 618 power was seized by Li Yuan, vicegerent of T’aiyüan (the present-day province of Shansi), who founded the T’ang dynasty.
L. I. DUMAN