Suidae

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Suidae

[′sü·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of paleodont artiodactyls in the superfamily Suoidae including wild and domestic pigs.

Suidae

 

(pigs, or hogs), a family of nonruminant mammals of the order Artiodactyla. Suids are medium-sized animals with a stocky body. The head tapers toward a short mobile snout, which ends in a flat hairless disk. The hairy covering is sparse and consists mostly of bristles. The cheek teeth are cuspidate, and the canines are sharp and curved. The feet have four toes; the first toe is absent. The second and fifth toes only rarely touch the ground.

Suids are polygamous herd animals. They are found on all continents except Australia and Antarctica, usually inhabiting forests or coastal thickets. The animals are omnivorous. There are two subfamilies of suids, Tayassuinae and Suinae. (The two subfamilies are sometimes classified as two independent families.) The Suinae comprise five extant genera: Sus (wild boars), Potamochoerus (African bush pigs), Hylochoerus (giant forest hogs), Babyrousa (babirusas), and Phacochoerus (warthogs). The genus Sus is found in Europe, Asia, and North Africa; the USSR has a single species, the wild boar (S. scrofa), which is the ancestor of the domestic pig. Species of the genus Potamochoerus are found in Africa and on Madagascar, and representatives of the genus Hylochoerus inhabit tropical Africa. The single species of the genus Babyrousa —the babirusa (B. babyrussa) —is found on the islands of Celebes and Buru. The genus Phacochoerus is found in Africa south of the Sahara.

REFERENCES

Sokolov, I. I. Kopytnye zveri (Otriady Perissodactyla i Artiodactyla). Moscow-Leningrad, 1959. (Fauna SSSR: Mlekopitaiushchie, vol. 1, issue 3.)
Zhizn’zhivotnykh, vol. 6. Moscow, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Siwalik suids form an important assemblage whose ties with the other regions of the world are prominent.
Compared to the over half of pregnant smokers who did not reduce their smoking during pregnancy, women who reduced cigarette consumption by the third trimester saw a 12 per cent decrease in SUID risk.
"Reductions in SUID rates since 1999 have been minimal, and wide variations in state-specific rates remain," the authors write.
Although the overall rate of SIDS in the United States has decreased by more than 50% since 1990 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2012), a corresponding increase has occurred in sudden unexpected infant deaths (SUIDs)--infant deaths resulting from suffocation and other factors related to the infant's sleep environment (Schnitzer, Covington, & Dykstra, 2012).
SIDS/ SUID education promo ting safe sleep, avoiding smoke, alcohol and drug exposure, and other modifiable risk behaviors which have an effect on infant morbidity and mortality are presented across the state at various health fairs, baby showers and other gatherings in which maternal and child health is the focus.
They use wild suid craniometric data from Israel to demonstrate that there can be marked variations in wild pig populations across geographic ranges.
Military historian Suid, and Haverstick, who has edited his books for the past 15 years, cite all the US military films they could find information about.
Larry Suid, a gregarious scholar, writer, and lecturer, has never fallen asleep at the switch.
Investigating sudden, unexplained infant death (SUID) in the United States serves as one of the many challenges facing law enforcement officers.
Among the skills you will learn are various aspects of public speaking, methods of conducting meetings, providing constructive feedback and leadership skills." Sopiah Suid, divisional director of CIMA Malaysia Division (pictured: second left, front), was delighted with the response.
Suid. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, (revised and expanded edition), 2002.