Sukhothai


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Sukhothai

 

a medieval Thai state named for the city of Sukhothai, which was its capital. The Sukhothai state was founded in the early 13th century by the Thai leader Phra Ruang, who ruled as Pho Kun (King) Sri Indraditya. It reached its peak of development under King Rama Kamkhaeng (Rama the Great), who ruled from 1275 to approximately 1317. During his reign, the boundaries of Sukhothai extended westward to the Andaman Sea and southward to the Malay Peninsula. The ancient culture of the Mon-Khmer peoples in the south of the country played a significant role in Sukhothai. For example, in 1283 the Khmer alphabet served as a basis for the first Thai alphabet.

The vast state had weak economic ties and disintegrated soon after the death of Rama Kamkhaeng. By 1378, Sukhothai had dwindled to the size of a small principality and recognized its vassalage to the kingdom of Ayutthaya, which seized it in 1438.

References in periodicals archive ?
Although Angkorian influence is certainly apparent in thirteenth-century Sukhothai, migration from Chiang Mai and elsewhere would have meant continuing exposure to upland forms of social and political organisation that may help explain the prominence of royal women.
The Chain of Custody event took place on 20 March at Sukhothai Hotel, Bangkok.
DEL GALLEGO'S nearly all-white living room is filled with streamlined furniture pieces from B&B Italia and Minotti, including an open glass etagere featuring her collection of antique Sukhothai plates and bowls.
For maximum relaxation and indulgence, the couple will experience Banyan Tree SpaOs 120-minute Sukhothai massage session; comprised of a 90-minute massage and 30-minute calm time.
This means, for example, that although a ruler of Sukhothai might use the Thai language, and behave in ways that we now consider to be characteristic of 'Thai', we might in most contexts be better off referring to him as the ruler of 'Sukhothai' rather than as 'Thai'; that is, we might better employ relatively objective geographical terms rather than to use loaded or politicallycharged national and ethnic labels.
Sukhothai may be out of the running of the title race, but Ramsay's goal-an expertly controlled first-time volley -could prove crucial in the title race as it pegged back leader Buriram in a 1-1 stalemate.
The Royal Thai Consulate-General in Shanghai together with the Shanghai Commercial Commission, the China Trade Council for International Trade (CCPIT), Shanghai Public Diplomacy Association and Shanghai Foreign Investment Development Board held the 2nd Bangkok-Shanghai Economic Conference from EEC to BRI: Thailand on a High Tide " on 2 August 2562, at the Sukhothai Hotel, Shanghai.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Payam Nour University, Iran's leading academic center in distance learning, and Thailand's Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University will expand bilateral academic cooperation in diverse areas according to a new agreement brokered between the two scientific entities.
Travellers will get to try the local traditions and festivities and explore trending destinations in Thailand such as Ayutthaya, Chiang Mai, Sukhothai, Samut Prakan, Chon Buri, Phuket, Songkhla, Suphan Buri and Bangkok.
Throughout the following centuries, various kingdoms and dynasties ruled the country, including the Mon Lavo, Sukhothai, and most prominently, the Ayutthaya Kingdom.
'Unlike historic sites such as Ayutthaya or Sukhothai, Chiang Mai is a living breathing city, with all the urban complications that goes with it.
For a party or coalition to form a government, it needs more than 270 seats in hand for the sake of stability, said Yuthaporn Issarachai, a political scientist from Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University.