Suleiman I

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Suleiman I

, Soliman, Solyman
called the Magnificent. ?1495--1566, sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1520--66), whose reign was noted for its military power and cultural achievements

Suleiman I


(or Sulciman II Kanuni, “the Lawgiver,” or, in European literature, Suleiman the Magnificent). Born Apr. 27, 1495; died Sept. 6, 1566, in Szigetvár, Hungary. Turkish sultan (1520–66).

Suleiman carried out an expansionist policy: under him the Ottoman Empire achieved its farthest territorial extent and its greatest power. Belgrade was taken in 1521, and most of Hungary was annexed after the battle of Mohács in 1526; in the 1530’s, Iraq, the island of Rhodes and other islands in the Aegean Archipelago, Tripoli, Algeria, and other territories were conquered. Suleiman waged a persistent struggle against Iran in Transcaucasia.

Suleiman drew up a law code (Kanun-name), dealing with such matters as administrative structure and finance, the status of individual provinces, regulation of the military-feudal system, forms of landownership, obligations of the population, and attachment of peasants to the land. He devoted a great deal of attention to the construction of mosques, palaces, and fortresses. The buildings of the architect Sinan are particularly famous.

Suleiman died during a campaign in Hungary.


Novichev, A. D. Istoriia Turtsii, vol. 1. Leningrad, 1963.
Tsvetkova, B. Prouchvaniia na gradskoto stopanstvo prez XV-XVI vek. Sofia, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
How can they not see that the very fact that Suleiman is allowed to run instead of facing criminal charges is a victory for the counter-revolution and is tantamount to the return of Mubarak himself?
Veteran Egyptian writer and columnist Farrag Ismail, however, said Suleiman is unlikely to run for presidency despite the announcement of his supporters.
A widely-published scholar of Holocaust Studies who is also a perceptive critic of language, Suleiman is well aware of this history of discursive proscription and sensitive to its rhetorical implications.
In many scenes, Suleiman is more a hapless or bemused observer than a full participant.
Suleiman is not the only Mubarak-era figure running for president.
According to the Daily Telegraph, Suleiman is Israel's preferred candidate to replace 82-year-old Mubarak.
In many ways, Suleiman is Mubarak without all the baggage: A little younger and not, you know, the same guy who has been the authoritarian leader for the past 30 years; but someone who would govern, both domestically and especially internationally, the same way Mubarak has, and who would enjoy the same (or more) respect of the military.
Summary: The famous Syrian actor Jamal Suleiman is getting ready to start filming his scenes for the new television drama series "Thakirat Jasad" (Body Memories), written by the Algerian novelist Ahlam Mistghanmi
Suleiman is also respected by Hizbullah, which is leading the opposition, suggesting that after months of being unable to elect a new leader, the republic may once more have a president.
"Hacham noted that the Israelis believe Suleiman is likely to serve as at least an interim president if Mubarak dies or is incapacitated.
Suleiman is scheduled to attend the convention of the General Assembly of the UN on Friday.
Reaffirming Suleiman's remark Minister of Interior Ziad Baroud told AN NAHAR the Lebanese army "will be discussed in the Cabinet especially as Suleiman is very concerned about the military institution and its mission and sacrifices." Baroud added, "President Suleiman who was the commander of the Lebanese army knows exactly what the army is in need of; not just statements that show support but also logistic support from the political authority."