Sulu Archipelago


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Sulu Archipelago

(so͞o`lo͞o), island group, 1,086 sq mi (2,813 sq km), the Philippines, SW of Mindanao. Lying between the Celebes and Sulu seas, it includes over 900 volcanic islands and coral islets extending almost to Borneo. Basilan is the largest island, Jolo the most important. Fishing is the major source of livelihood; the Sulu Sea supplies a large proportion of the nation's commercial catch. The archipelago is also the prime source for pearls, marine turtles, seashells, and sea cucumbers. The islands are heavily forested, but local farming is nonetheless carried on and meets the needs of the people. Large quantities of manioc (a root staple) are grown.

The inhabitants are Moros, a Malayan people who were converted when Islam spread from Malaya and Borneo in the 14th and 15th cent. Formerly notorious as pirates, the Muslim Moros resisted Spanish rule until the 19th cent. The Sultanate of Sulu (est. in the 16th cent. and also including SabahSabah
, state (1991 pop. 1,736,902), 28,417 sq mi (73,600 sq km), Malaysia, N Borneo, on the South China and Sulu seas. It is bordered on the south by Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo). The capital is Kota Kinabalu; other significant towns are Sandakan and Victoria.
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 in what is now Malaysia) passed to U.S. control in 1899 and continued to flourish under a mutually advantageous treaty with the United States.

In 1940 the sultanate was abolished and Sulu became part of the Philippine Commonwealth, although most Moros rejected Manila's authority. In 1976 the government reached a cease-fire agreement with Moros rebels, calling for the creation of an autonomous region including the Sulu Archipelago. However, such a region was not established until 1990. In 2019, following a referendum, the islands, except for Isabela City on Basilan, became part of the autonomous region of Bangsamoro, replaced the existing autonomous region. Some separatist militants in the area have continued to press for an independent Islamic state.

Sulu Archipelago

 

a group of islands located between the islands of Borneo and Mindanao; part of the Philippines. Population, 427,000 (1970). The Sulu Archipelago covers an area of 2,688 sq km. It extends 335 km from southwest to northeast and forms two chains and 13 island groups, including about 400 islands and reefs. The largest islands are Jolo and Tawi-Tawi. The larger islands are composed mainly of crystalline rocks; the smaller islands are coralline. The highest elevation is 790 m, on Jolo Island. The climate is humid equatorial; precipitation ranges from 2,000 to 3,200 mm per year. The islands have tropical forests. Rice, corn, and coconuts are the main crops. The population also engages in fishing and pearl diving. The capital is the town of Jolo.

Sulu Archipelago

a chain of over 500 islands in the SW Philippines, separating the Sulu Sea from the Celebes Sea: formerly a sultanate, ceded to the Philippines in 1940. Capital: Jolo. Pop.: 619 668 (2000). Area: 2686 sq. km (1037 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
There are smaller groups that include the Banguingui, Samal and the Bajau of the Sulu Archipelago; the Yakan of Basilan and Zamboanga del Sur, the Illanun of Lanao provinces and Davao and Sangir of Davao, the Molbog of southern Palawan and the Jama Mapuns of Cagayan de Tawi-Tawi Island.
The US State Department warns against all non-essential travel to the Sulu archipelago, where the group is active.
citizens of the risks of travel to the Philippines, in particular to the Sulu Archipelago, the island of Mindanao, and in the southern Sulu Sea area.
The second incident was the invasion of an area of Sabah in East Malaysia by around 100 armed men, who claimed the territory on behalf of the Sulu Sultanate (the Sulu Archipelago now being a part of the Philippines).
But in parts where there is an advisory against all kinds of travel, particularly in the southwest Mindanao and the Sulu archipelago, the official said they may have to take in more considerations because of the high threat of violence from secessionist groups and those who may want to "undermine" the peace agreement.
It also called on Americans to defer non-essential travel to the Sulu archipelago, a chain of islands off Mindanao where Al-Qaeda-linked militants are active.
One month ago, hundreds of armed followers of Jamalul Kiram III crossed over from the southern Philippine island province of Tawi-Tawi, part of a chain of islands known as the Sulu archipelago, to assert a historical land claim in neighbouring Malaysia's Sabah State.
The group of 100 armed men has refused to move from the village they have occupied for nearly a week, despite pleas from both the Malaysian and Philippine govern ments to return to the Sulu archipelago on the Philippine side of the sea border.
The majority of the essays, however, concentrate on waters between the southern Philippines and Borneo, centered on the Sulu Archipelago. James Warren adds to his indispensable work on the Sulu Zone with a chapter on the workings of the Sulu slave market between 1800 and 1850.
James Warren describes the Sulu slave trade, where captives were seized along the coast of many Southeast Asian countries and taken to the Sulu archipelago. His contribution demonstrates that the systematically brutal subjugation of captives was implemented to occupy the captives' mind "with the fundamental problem of staying alive" and resulted in the relatively quick assumption of the identity of a slave (p.
Department of State has updated its travel warning about the risks of terrorist activity in the Philippines, particularly in the Sulu Archipelago and on the island of Mindanao.
Recommendations were maintained to avoid travel to Mindanao and the Sulu archipelago in the southern Philippines because of risks from Muslim rebels and al-Qaeda fighters in the area.