Sumbawa


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Sumbawa

or

Soembawa

(both: so͞ombä`wä), island (1990 pop. 965,674), 5,964 sq mi (15,447 sq km), Indonesia, one of the Lesser Sundas, between the Flores Sea and the Indian Ocean. Bima, with an excellent harbor, is the port for Raba, the chief town. Sumbawa is mountainous, rising to 9,168 ft (2,794 m); there are many volcanic peaks, most notably TamboraTambora
, active volcano, N Sumbawa, Nusa Tenggara Barat prov., Indonesia, rising to 9,255 ft (2,821 m). The volcano's 1815 eruption was one of the most destructive in historical times, killing an estimated 50,000–90,000 people, destroying the kingdoms of Tambora and
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, whose 1815 eruption was one of the most violent of modern times. The island is nearly split in two, from north to south, by Saleh Bay, in central Sumbawa. The soil has been somewhat depleted, but corn, beans, and other subsistence crops are produced. Cattle raising is important.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sumbawa

 

an island in the group of Lesser Sunda Islands; part of Indonesia. Area, approximately 13,300 sq km (15,500 sq km including the small islands nearby). Population, 540,000 (1971). Sumbawa has numerous harbors, and there are coral reefs along the coast. The island is mountainous, reaching an elevation of 2,821 m, at the active volcano Tambora. It has a subequatorial monsoon climate; annual precipitation is about 1,200 mm. There is a dry season lasting six months during the southern hemisphere winter. Secondary shrub thickets and savanna dominate. The southern slopes of the mountains have teak and eucalyptus forests. Crops include rice, soybeans, maize, peanuts, coffee, and tobacco. Horses and livestock are raised. The main city is Raba.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Sumbawa

, Soembawa
a mountainous island in Indonesia, in the Lesser Sunda Islands, between Lombok and Flores Islands. Pop.: 373 000 (1990 est.). Area: 14 750 sq. km (5695 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Raba, in the east of Sumbawa island, forms part of West Nusa
Jakarta: A search is underway on Sunday in central Indonesia for seven missing crew members of a cargo ship that sank in the waters off Sumbawa island.
The shallow 7.5-magnitude tremor was more powerful than a series of quakes this summer that killed more than 550 people on the Indonesian island of Lombok and neighbouring Sumbawa.
The Sail Moyo Tambora 2018 sailing event and festival was officially launched on September 9 in Badas Harbour, Sumbawa, West Nusa Tenggara - a testament to the resilient spirit of Lombok and Sumbawa as the sailing event goes on just months after a series of earthquakes rocked the islands.
The thunderous eruption of Mount Tambora, located in the northern part of Indonesia's Sumbawa island, ejected huge amounts of volcanic matter and killed nearly 100,000 people.
Ten people were killed in the quake Sunday evening, mostly by falling debris, with four deaths in eastern Lombok and six on the neighbouring island of Sumbawa, according to the national disaster agency.
The strong earthquake in off north Lombok at 6.46pm today was also felt around Sumbawa Island, Bali Island and East Java.
Caption: SKY PAINTER The 1815 explosion of Mount Tambora on Sumbawa Island, Indonesia, blew away an estimated 160 cubic kilometers (38 cubic miles) of rock, wiped out the area's population, and left a summit caldera about 6 km (4 miles) wide, seen in these USGS Landsat images.
According to AP, Indonesia's Disaster Mitigation Agency said that incessant rains in the past five days caused rivers on Sumbawa Island to break their banks and inundate seven sub-districts in West Nusa Tenggara province.
From there he went on to work with their community building branch followed by helping with medical aid and educational respite schemes with tribes in Sumbawa.