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Soembawa(both: so͞ombä`wä), island (1990 pop. 965,674), 5,964 sq mi (15,447 sq km), Indonesia, one of the Lesser Sundas, between the Flores Sea and the Indian Ocean. Bima, with an excellent harbor, is the port for Raba, the chief town. Sumbawa is mountainous, rising to 9,168 ft (2,794 m); there are many volcanic peaks, most notably TamboraTambora
, active volcano, N Sumbawa, Nusa Tenggara Barat prov., Indonesia, rising to 9,255 ft (2,821 m). The volcano's 1815 eruption was one of the most destructive in historical times, killing an estimated 50,000–90,000 people, destroying the kingdoms of Tambora and
..... Click the link for more information. , whose 1815 eruption was one of the most violent of modern times. The island is nearly split in two, from north to south, by Saleh Bay, in central Sumbawa. The soil has been somewhat depleted, but corn, beans, and other subsistence crops are produced. Cattle raising is important.
an island in the group of Lesser Sunda Islands; part of Indonesia. Area, approximately 13,300 sq km (15,500 sq km including the small islands nearby). Population, 540,000 (1971). Sumbawa has numerous harbors, and there are coral reefs along the coast. The island is mountainous, reaching an elevation of 2,821 m, at the active volcano Tambora. It has a subequatorial monsoon climate; annual precipitation is about 1,200 mm. There is a dry season lasting six months during the southern hemisphere winter. Secondary shrub thickets and savanna dominate. The southern slopes of the mountains have teak and eucalyptus forests. Crops include rice, soybeans, maize, peanuts, coffee, and tobacco. Horses and livestock are raised. The main city is Raba.