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see SumqayitSumqayit
or Sumgait
, city (1989 pop. 231,104), E central Azerbaijan, on the Caspian Sea at the mouth of the Sumqayit River. Once a major industrial center, it became heavily polluted and most of its industries had closed by the early 1990s. It was founded in 1948.
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, Azerbaijan



a city under republic jurisdiction in the Azerbaijan SSR. Situated on the northwestern coast of the Apsheron Peninsula, 35 km from Baku. Population, 160,000 (1975; 6,000 in 1939, 51,000 in 1959, and 124,000 in 1970). The city has a railroad station.

Sumgait grew up in 1949 on the site of a small settlement in connection with the development of the republic’s chemical and metallurgical industries. It is second after Baku in industrial significance in Azerbaijan. The main branches of industry in Sumgait are chemicals and metallurgy; the former is represented by the Sumgaitkhimprom production association and a plant producing synthetic rubber, and the latter by plants producing rolled pipe and aluminum. Enterprises of the building-materials industry include a combine producing polymeric construction materials, a housing-construction combine, and plants producing rein-forced-concrete items and window glass. The city has a compressor plant and a factory producing knit outerwear. There is also a district heat and power plant in the city. Educational institutions include a branch of the Azerbaijan Institute of Petroleum and Chemistry, a chemical engineering technicum and a polytechnic technicum, and schools of medicine and music. Among Sumgait’s cultural attractions are a museum of the city’s history and a people’s amateur theater.

The urban plan for Sumgait, which was drawn up in 1949 by the architects M. Useinov, M. Datiev, O. M. Isaev, and V. I. Khvatkova, separates the industrial area from the residential green zone. In the residential districts, the streets are arranged mostly in a grid pattern, and five-story dwellings predominate; the height of buildings increases as one moves toward the sea, reaching a maximum of nine to 12 stories. Among the city’s major buildings are the Palace of Culture (1958, architect M. G. Aliev) and the trade center (1971, architects A. A. Salamova and Iu. P. Tolstonogov). Sumgait has a monument to V. I. Lenin (1956, bronze and stone, sculptors T. Mamedov and O. El’darov and architects O. M. Isaev and Iu. P. Tolstonogov).


Akhundov, G. Iu. Sumgait. Baku, 1966.



(also Gorduchai, Guzduchai, Dzhangichai, or Kozluchai), a river in the Azerbaijan SSR. The Sumgait is 182 km long and drains an area of about 1,800 sq km. It rises in the Greater Caucasus and empties into the Caspian Sea. It is fed by mixed sources. High water occurs in March and April, and low water in summer and autumn, at which time the lower course dries up. The mean flow rate 46 km from the mouth is about 1.1 cu m per sec. The lower Sumgait crosses the Samur-Apsheron canal. The river is used for irrigation. The city of Sumgait is located at the mouth.

References in periodicals archive ?
Sima Hasanova, multimedia expert of the Reading Hall, gave a bibliographic summary of the Sumgait events and the exhibition dedicated to the Khojali tragedy.
The petrochemical sector is concentrated in the area around Sumgait, close to Baku.
During 1847-1853 the triangulation 1 class of a rather high quality was laid from Poti on the Black Sea to Sumgait on the Caspian.
Counter-terrorism operations were conducted against alleged members of the Forest Brothers in Sumgait in 2012.
As part of the secret operations which were carried out in the Baku, Sumgait and Gyandzha regions of the country, around 17 extremists suspected of planning major terror acts were arrested yesterday.
Following the unification vote, ethnic Armenians living in other parts of Azerbaijan were attacked, most notably in the cities of Sumgait and the capital of Baku, which resulted in a response attack on Azerbaijanis living in the city of Spitak in Armenia.
The AsReran clash escalated on 27 February 1966 into an Armenian pogrom in the industrial city of Sumgait on Azerbaijan's Caspian coast, which lasted for three days and claimed over 100 Armenian lives.
In 1990, after violent episodes in Nagorno-Karabakh, Baku, and Sumgait, the Soviet Union's Government in Moscow declared a state of emergency in Nagorno-Karabakh, sent troops to the region, and forcibly occupied Baku.
Sumgait Industrial Center forms a basis of the Absheron economic region.
According to KIA Motors Azerbaijan President Faig Safarov, 'In the near future we will open new salons in Sheki, Sumgait and Baku.
However, Salafism gained a foothold in the traditionally Sunni north, particularly among ethnic minorities, as well as in such big cities as Baku and Sumgait.
It said 23 are situated in Baku, with the remaining seven located in Absheron, Akstafa, Ali-Bayramly, Gabala, Khanlar, Shamkir and Sumgait.