Summer Garden


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Summer Garden

 

(Letnii sad), the oldest garden in Leningrad, laid out in 1704 by the architects J. B. Leblond, M. G. Zemtsov, and I. Matveev (gardeners included J. Roosen and I. Surmin). The Summer Palace of Peter I is located in the garden. The palace, which was built between 1710 and 1714 by the architect D. Trezzini (with the participation of A. Schliiter, N. Michetti, and M. G. Zemtsov), was made into a museum of history in 1925. The Summer Garden is bounded by the Field of Mars and the Fontanka, Neva, and Moika rivers. Formerly the site of assemblies, court festivities, and receptions, the garden is now a recreational area for the residents of Leningrad.

The Summer Garden has a strictly geometric plan and has an area of approximately 11.5 hectares. It is decorated with marble statuary (primarily from the early 18th century), including 79 mythological statues, full-length sculptured portraits, and busts by P. Baratta, D. Groppelli, P. Groppelli, A. Tarsia, D. Bonazza, and others. Two pavilions were built in the garden in the 19th century—the Coffee House (1826, architect K. I. Rossi) and the Tea House (1827, architect L. I. Charlemagne). In 1855 a monument to I. A. Krylov was unveiled (bronze and granite, sculptor P. K. Klodt); the statue’s pedestal is decorated with reliefs depicting figures from Krylov’s fables (based on drawings by A. A. Agin). A cast-iron grille with a serene row of granite pillars (1771-84, architects Iu. M. Fel’ten and P. E. Ego-rov) separates the garden from the Neva embankment. The regular pattern of the fence is animated by gilded bronze ornaments. This grille is a masterpiece not only of Russian art but of world art.

REFERENCE

Dubiago, T. B. Letnii sad. Moscow-Leningrad. 1951.
References in classic literature ?
He was sitting in the Summer Garden on a seat under a tree, and his mind dwelt on the matter.
Why, he had left the Summer Garden on purpose to see them; that had been his "idea.
By degrees he passed to the conviction that if the summer garden were extended to the field of Mars, and perhaps joined to the garden of the Mihailovsky Palace, it would be a splendid thing and a great benefit to the town.
STANLEY Park's Summer Garden Party will return on Saturday, August 26, for a day of free family activities and live entertainment.
Your summer garden may be approaching its grand finale, but don't say goodbye to your herbs and edible flowers quite yet.
The next big event will be a summer garden party on August 12 from 2pm to 4pm.
THE North Wales Plant Heritage Group Summer Garden visit on Tuesday, July 11, is to the awardwinning garden of member Mrs Iris Dobbie.
Ideal for adding colour and elegance to the summer garden, they excel in shady locations where many perennials struggle.
It takes pride of place in Royal Teas: Seasonal Recipes from Buckingham Palace, which gives an insight into cakes and treats served up to the 30,000 guests at summer garden parties every year.
A SUMMER garden party is to be held to mark a special anniversary.
TULIPS create marvellous displays in the early summer garden with their vivid form and vibrant colours.

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