Summer Garden


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Summer Garden

 

(Letnii sad), the oldest garden in Leningrad, laid out in 1704 by the architects J. B. Leblond, M. G. Zemtsov, and I. Matveev (gardeners included J. Roosen and I. Surmin). The Summer Palace of Peter I is located in the garden. The palace, which was built between 1710 and 1714 by the architect D. Trezzini (with the participation of A. Schliiter, N. Michetti, and M. G. Zemtsov), was made into a museum of history in 1925. The Summer Garden is bounded by the Field of Mars and the Fontanka, Neva, and Moika rivers. Formerly the site of assemblies, court festivities, and receptions, the garden is now a recreational area for the residents of Leningrad.

The Summer Garden has a strictly geometric plan and has an area of approximately 11.5 hectares. It is decorated with marble statuary (primarily from the early 18th century), including 79 mythological statues, full-length sculptured portraits, and busts by P. Baratta, D. Groppelli, P. Groppelli, A. Tarsia, D. Bonazza, and others. Two pavilions were built in the garden in the 19th century—the Coffee House (1826, architect K. I. Rossi) and the Tea House (1827, architect L. I. Charlemagne). In 1855 a monument to I. A. Krylov was unveiled (bronze and granite, sculptor P. K. Klodt); the statue’s pedestal is decorated with reliefs depicting figures from Krylov’s fables (based on drawings by A. A. Agin). A cast-iron grille with a serene row of granite pillars (1771-84, architects Iu. M. Fel’ten and P. E. Ego-rov) separates the garden from the Neva embankment. The regular pattern of the fence is animated by gilded bronze ornaments. This grille is a masterpiece not only of Russian art but of world art.

REFERENCE

Dubiago, T. B. Letnii sad. Moscow-Leningrad. 1951.
References in classic literature ?
He was sitting in the Summer Garden on a seat under a tree, and his mind dwelt on the matter.
Why, he had left the Summer Garden on purpose to see them; that had been his "idea." He had wished to assure himself that he would see them once more at that house.
By degrees he passed to the conviction that if the summer garden were extended to the field of Mars, and perhaps joined to the garden of the Mihailovsky Palace, it would be a splendid thing and a great benefit to the town.
Residents, friends and family got together for a summer garden party at Jenny'sWell Care Home for older people with sight loss.
A summer garden party will be thrown next month complete with live music and ice creams.
Measuring a massive 6 ft tall, giant inflatable unicorns are the summer garden accessory of the year.
As the summer garden visit had been cancelled, five members who had attended the NAFAS course run by Linda Souter, each did an arrangement to show off what they had learned.This was followed by a strawberry tea at 9pm.
It is part of the supermarket's summer garden range which includes an outdoor beanbag seat, deck chairs, picnic blankets and solar lights.
We're also running a competition for four lucky readers to win an incredible summer garden makeover.Click hereto enter - or via the form at the bottom of the page!
Its 'secret' location - not so secret, perhaps, to many - will be in the grounds of Jesmond Dene House, the boutique hotel in Newcastle, where local masters Hepple Gin are to host a summer garden party on Sunday, May 20.

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