Summerhill


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Summerhill,

radical progressive school in Leiston, Suffolk, England, and the educational movement based on principles developed at the school. The school was founded (1924) by A. S. NeillNeill, Alexander Sutherland,
1883–1973, English educator. After teaching at state schools in Scotland, Neill became dissatisfied with traditional education. In 1924, he set up the progressive coeducational Summerhill School at Leiston, England.
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, who headed the institution until his death in 1973. Students range between the ages of 6 and 17. The main principle behind the operation of the school is freedom. There is no compulsory attendance at classes, and most administrative questions are decided jointly by students and teachers. In 1999–2000 the British government threatened to close Summerhill, charging it failed to provide some children with an adequate education as a result of allowing them the freedom to control their learning. Under a negotiated agreement Summerhill's freedom-based educational program was preserved. A number of schools based on similar principles, in both Britain and the United States, describe themselves as Summerhill schools.

Bibliography

See A. S. Neill, Summerhill: A Radical Approach to Child Rearing (1960); J. Walmsley, Neill & Summerhill: A Man and His Work (1969); H. H. Hart, ed., Summerhill: For & Against (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
Summerhill's success can be further measured by its involvement with four winners of one of South Africa's major races, the Durban July.
SYTNER Birmingham is perfectly placed for all your MINI needs and is now in a brand new state-ofthe-art showroom on Summerhill Road.
Fans of Aberdeen pub league side Summerhill, who were playing against the local Albert Bar, had clashed earlier with Oakley supporters, from Fife.
Finally, in July 2005, Onyx Equities purchased Summerhill Marketplace in East Brunswick, New Jersey.
Steve Carter netted twice as Summerhill progressed 4-0 against Penley.
The closure of progressive Summerhill School, where attendance at lessons is optional, would be an "act of educational vandalism", a tribunal heard yesterday.
The land has lain empty since Summerhill Academy's demolition in 2012, despite Aberdeen City Council's pledge to build 369 flats on the site as part of its housing strategy.
New signing Jack Roberts made an impression early on, making an outside break and then setting a platform with a powerful surge before Jarod Evans put Aled Summerhill over.
CARDIFF BLUES ............23 TRIES: R PATCHELL, A SUMMERHILL CONS: R PATCHELL (2) PENS: R PATCHELL (3) ULSTER ............................13 TRIES: C GILROY CON: P JACKSON PENS: P JACKSON (2) REFEREE: JOHN LACEY .IRFU.
Walter Willson's shop front on the High Street in 1938, from the book, Memories Of Felling by Anthea Lang, Summerhill Books
Outside-half Rhys Patchell and flanker Josh Turnbull celebrated hattricks while captain Josh Navidi and wing Aled Summerhill grabbed a brace each as the hosts ran rampant following a slow start.
The Summerhill Apartments on Newcastle's Westgate Road have been restored as part of a plan to regenerate the city's conservation area.