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radical progressive school in Leiston, Suffolk, England, and the educational movement based on principles developed at the school. The school was founded (1924) by A. S. NeillNeill, Alexander Sutherland,
1883–1973, English educator. After teaching at state schools in Scotland, Neill became dissatisfied with traditional education. In 1924, he set up the progressive coeducational Summerhill School at Leiston, England.
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, who headed the institution until his death in 1973. Students range between the ages of 6 and 17. The main principle behind the operation of the school is freedom. There is no compulsory attendance at classes, and most administrative questions are decided jointly by students and teachers. In 1999–2000 the British government threatened to close Summerhill, charging it failed to provide some children with an adequate education as a result of allowing them the freedom to control their learning. Under a negotiated agreement Summerhill's freedom-based educational program was preserved. A number of schools based on similar principles, in both Britain and the United States, describe themselves as Summerhill schools.


See A. S. Neill, Summerhill: A Radical Approach to Child Rearing (1960); J. Walmsley, Neill & Summerhill: A Man and His Work (1969); H. H. Hart, ed., Summerhill: For & Against (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
Signs posted outside the entrance to the park in Summerhill Square, Newcastle, have banned grown-ups from entering the city centre park, declaring them unwelcome unless they turn up with a child in tow.
Summerhill Residential Care Home and Park House were sold by commercial property agents Ian Moralee & Co.
The other match saw First Division Summerhill give Premier Side Scaur a run for their money.
17 dragons TRIES: L Fairbrother, pen try CON: G Henson PEN: Henson 22 cardiff blues TRIES: A Summerhill, R Lee Lo, T James CONS: G Anscombe (2) PEN: Anscombe CARDIFF Blues held off a late comeback from the Dragons to win the battle of the east in the first Welsh derby of the festive period.
22 CARDIFF BLUES Tries - A Summerhill, R Lee Lo, T James; cons - G Anscombe (2); pen - G Anscombe.
Governor Lane met with business and economics students from Summerhill College and The Mercy College in Sligo, Coola Post-Primary School in Riverstown and St.
The group have been pictured gathering wooden pallets, tyres and mattresses in the Summerhill area in the capital.
Wrexham council has received a planning application for the building of 82 houses in the Summerhill area of Gwersyllt.
New signing Jack Roberts made an impression early on, making an outside break and then setting a platform with a powerful surge before Jarod Evans put Aled Summerhill over.
20am by a green or blue Audi saloon which left the scene in the direction of Summerhill.
Police are looking for two men, who targeted the 19-year-old as he was leaving Newcastle's Summerhill Park, on Wednesday lunchtime.
Upcoming microchipping events in the area include: | Stokesley Library, April 12, 11am until 3pm; | Langridge Initiative Centre, Langridge Crescent, Berwick Hills, Middlesbrough, March 29 from 11am until 3pm; | Birkdale Community Centre, Birkdale Drive, Eston, April 11 from 11am until 3pm; | Summerhill Visitors Centre, Summerhill Lane, Hartlepool, April 18 from 11am until 3pm; | North Ormesby Hub, Derwent Street, Middlesbrough, April 27 from 11am until 3pm; | The Pod, Recreation Centre, Cass House Road, Middlesbrough, May 24 from 11am until 3pm.