Sumter, Thomas

Sumter, Thomas,

1734–1832, American Revolutionary officer, b. near Charlottesville, Va. He served with Edward Braddock (1755) and John Forbes (1758) in their expeditions against Fort Duquesne in the French and Indian War, and later he fought against the Cherokee. He settled (1765) in South Carolina. Like Francis Marion, he formed (1780) a guerrilla band in the Revolution and harassed the British in the Carolinas. He and the British leader, Banastre Tarleton, struck at each other through 1780. The "gamecock of the Revolution," as Sumter was called, was successful at Hanging Rock, barely escaped with his life at Fishing Creek, was repulsed in a raid on the British post at Rocky Mount, but won again at Blackstock. After the war, he was U.S. Representative (1789–93, 1797–1801), Senator (1801–10), and minister to Brazil (1810–11). Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor is named for him.

Bibliography

See biographies by A. K. Gregorie (1931) and R. D. Bass (1961).

Sumter, Thomas

(1734–1832) soldier, public official; born in Hanover County, Va. Raised on the frontier, a veteran of the French and Indian War, he settled in South Carolina in 1765. During the American Revolution he led a partisan campaign against the British in the Carolinas and the success of his small force gained him the nickname, "Gamecock of the Revolution" (and led to his name being given to the island-fort off Charleston where the Civil War began). After the war, Sumter sat in the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate.
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3 % Albany/Southwest Georgia - Counties: Dougherty, Lowndes, Baker, Calhoun, Cook, Crisp, Decatur, Early, Lee, Miller, Mitchell, Sumter, Thomas, Tift & Worth Macon/Central Georgia - Counties: Bibb, Houston, Bleckley, Dodge, Johnson, Lamar, Laurens, Monroe, Peach, Pike, Spalding & Washington Columbus/West Central Georgia - Counties: Muscogee, Chattahoochee, Coweta, Harris, Heard, Meriwether, Stewart & Troup Rome/Northwest Georgia - Counties: Floyd, Bartow, Carroll, Gordon, Haralson, Murray & Polk