sunflower

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sunflower,

any plant of the genus Helianthus of the family Asteraceae (asteraster
[Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis
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 family), annual or perennial herbs native to the New World and common throughout the United States. In cultivation, the flower heads, commonly having yellow rays, sometimes reach 1 ft (30 cm) in diameter. The common sunflower (H. annuus) is an annual, native from Minnesota to Texas and California and perhaps also in Central and South America. Native Americans cultivated the plant and found many uses for it: the nutritious seeds were eaten raw, made into a meal, or used as a source of hair oil; a yellow dye was obtained from the flower heads, and a fiber from the stalks; the roots of certain other species were eaten. Today the common sunflower is widely cultivated; Ukraine, Russia, China, Romania, and Argentina are the largest producers. The seeds are almost universally used as a poultry food and principally as the source of an oil utilized for such purposes as cooking and soapmaking; the oil cake is fed to stock. The common sunflower is the state flower of Kansas, and a sunflower is regarded as the floral emblem of Peru, where it was revered by the ancient sun worshipers. Several other species are in cultivation—some are garden flowers; the Jerusalem artichokeJerusalem artichoke,
tuberous-rooted perennial (Helianthus tuberosus) of the family Asteraceae (aster family), native to North America, where it was early cultivated by the indigenous inhabitants.
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 is a food plant. Other plants are sometimes called sunflower. Sunflowers are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Asterales, family Asteraceae.
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sunflower

sunflower

A powerful plant that can grow to 10 feet tall, bursting with a limitless supply of seeds. It gives beauty, food and attracts birds. The whole plant is edible. Tea used for lung problems and malaria. Seeds are a great food with lots of protein and health benefits. Flower petals can be eaten, and the bud can be steamed like an artichoke. The flower is best eaten in the bud stage, steamed, when it tastes similar to artichokes. Once the flower opens, the petals have a bittersweet flavor. Sunflower seeds are an excellent source of magnesium, selenium and vitamin E, which protects cell membranes. Great for skin, heart, protein. Anti-inflammatory, asthma, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, colon cancer, menopause, heart, cholesterol, blood pressure, calms nerves, muscles, detoxification, great source of B-complex vitamins, niacin.

sunflower

[′sən‚flau̇·ər]
(botany)
Helianthus annuus. An annual plant native to the United States characterized by broad, ovate leaves growing from a single, usually long (3-20 feet or 1-6 meters) stem, and large, composite flowers with yellow petals.

sunflower

of Kansas. [Flower Symbolism: Golenpaul, 631]

sunflower

any of several American plants of the genus Helianthus, esp H. annuus, having very tall thick stems, large flower heads with yellow rays, and seeds used as food, esp for poultry: family Asteraceae (composites)
References in periodicals archive ?
How do discourses of "Ah Sun-flower!" reflect authoritative ideology, social structures and unequal power relations of Blake's contemporary England?
"At the same time I had noticed that in among the sun-flowers was a single red one, and it struck me that different is not necessarily worse, the flower was just as beautiful and that started me thinking."
You will be able to visit the garden from July 29 until August 14, 10am - 6pm daily, where the memorial wall and sun-flowers will be available to view.
The tallest sunflower ever was an 8.23m - 27 ft - tall monster grown in Kaarst, Germany, last September by Hans-Peter Schiffer - a gardener who broke his own record for the tallest sun-flower, which he had previously set in 2009.
Decked out in yellow and blue, with cheery paintings of sun-flowers, it's a bright spot for a bite.
Mick also grew the 'surprise' sun-flowers for Le Phun which appeared in St George's Square as part of the Tour de France celebrations and is now looking forward to his efforts being on display at the flower show in Greenhead Park this weekend.
The Animal Hospital host will display works based on well-loved masterpieces such as Monet's Wa - terlilies and Van Gogh's Sun-flowers. Rolf, whose parents come from Merthyr Tydfil and who is famed for his large scale daubings for TV in the 70s, said it was the ``dream of a lifetime.''
Stockton's 1,245 Sun-flowers project got under way on Monday, drawing communities into the town's parish gardens to commemorate the start of the Great War.
This spring, residents and community groups planted thousands of sun-flowers throughout the borough, each representing a member of Stockton's community who went to war but never returned.
People are invited to bring their cut down sun-flowers to the Parish Gardens in Stockton from August 2- 5.
Now project organisers want anyone growing sun-flowers to note the numbers of spirals in the heads and send in photos or the flower heads for analysis.
Youngsters are encouraged to plant their sun-flowers as soon as possible.