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(self-designation, Sunda), a people in the mountainous western part of Java.

The Sundanese number approximately 19 million (1975, estimate). Racially, they belong to the southern Mongoloids. Their language, which belongs to the Indonesian languages, and their material culture are similar to those of the Javanese. Their religion is Islam, but they have also retained many ancient beliefs.

Since approximately A.D. 1500, the Sundanese have been noted for land cultivation, especially the growing of rice, corn, cassava, and vegetables. They have built irrigation canals and terraces. In the 20th century, plantations of tea, coffee, cacao, and rubber have become common. The Sundanese also raise livestock and engage in handicrafts, notably weaving. Ancient folk traditions are manifested in their art and crafts. Many Sundanese work in industry.

The Sundanese include the Badui, an ethnic group that has in large part preserved the archaic features of its economy and culture.


Narody lugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966. (Contains bibliography.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Together with the large drum placed right at the entrance to the gallery, with a caption stating that it was used for calling Darul Islam soldiers to prayers, these images permit the inference that the curators sought to depict the couple and their followers as traditional Javanese and Sundanese characters, rather than as "orthodox" or "fanatical" Muslims.
As a result of more interethnic and interreligious marriages in my family, my extended relatives belong to at least three different ethnic groups: Javanese, Chinese and Sundanese.
I like Sundanese [western Javanese] white; [it is] transparent.
We also included the wild shrub Tithonia diversifolia (known as kipait in local Sundanese language).
There's one foreigner living not that far from Bandung who has been buying thousands of cassettes of traditional Sundanese music and shipping them of to his homeland.
Indigenous place based cultural groups (Goebel, 2010), so named because of their regional locations, include the Javanese, Sundanese, Bantenese, Betawi, Tengger, Osing and Badui from Java; the Madurese from Madura; Malays, Batak, Minangkabau, Acehnese, Lampung and Kubu groups from Sumatra; the Dayak and Banjar from Kalimantan; Makassarese, Buginese, Mandar, Minhasa, Gorontalonese, Toraja and Bajau from Sulawesi; the Balinese and Sasak from the Sunda Islands; Nuaulu, Manusela and Wemale from the Moluccas; and Dani, Bauzi and Asmat from Papua.
The second largest group, the Sundanese (15 percent, 31 million people), are native to West Java, where they make up 74 percent of the population.
Earlier, in a rare act of praise for Omar al-Bashir, the Sundanese president, who is wanted by the International Criminal Court, the UN Security Council said its members "appreciate" his stance on the referendum.
In addition to these ethnic groups, there are also Tionghoa/Chinese, Minang/Padangese, Buginese, Javanese, Maduranese, Sundanese and other minority ethnic groups.
This evolutionary process towards diglossia (rather than an informal variety that was not diglossic) may have been influenced by speakers of diglossic languages like Javanese and Sundanese feeling a need to interact in a diglossic fashion with other Indonesians.
7) Word formation patterns for causes are grammaticalized in some languages, as is the case in Sundanese, which has a reason nominalizer (Comrie and Thompson 1985:356-357).
According to Nurlaelawati (2010), in relation to inheritance matters, Sundanese people in Cianjur and Rangkasbitung generally divide the estate according to Islamic rules and not customary norms, whilst in most Muslim regions of Indonesia inheritance is more a matter for customary law.