Sundarbans


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Sundarbans,

large, heavily forested swamp region, c.3,860 sq mi (10,000 sq km), in the S Ganges delta on the Bay of Bengal, about 60% in SW Bangladesh and the rest in West Bengal state, India. The more than 100 low, marshy islands and many tidal rivers and creeks of the Sundarbans are home to the world's largest mangrove forest, which is inhabited by a wide variety of animal life including tigers, water buffalo, crocodiles, pythons, and many species of birds and aquatic life. Rice is grown, mainly in the east, and coconut palms in the west; the main trade center is KhulnaKhulna
, town (1991 est. pop. 1,001,825), SW Bangladesh, in the Ganges delta. It is a river port and the trade and processing center for the products of the Sundarbans, a swampy, forested coastal region. Agricultural products are processed, especially rice, oilseed, and cotton.
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 in Bangladesh. The village of Iswaripur, Bangladesh, was the capital of an independent 16th-century Muslim kingdom, which was ravaged by the Arakanese (Rakhine) and by Portuguese pirates in the 18th cent.

By the early years of the 21st cent. extensive tree-felling had destroyed more than half of the mangrove forest in the Indian Sundarbans, and the region's islands were in ecological peril from rising sea levels and widespread erosion. Over three decades some 31 sq mi (90 sq km) of land has been lost (several islands completely disappeared), and many island inhabitants displaced. The region also is subject to frequent cyclones (hurricanes); in Nov., 2007, for example, Cyclone Sidr destroyed some 590 sq mi (1,528 sq km) of forest in the SW Sundarbans.

Sundarbans

 

the swampy lowland delta region of the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers in India and Bangladesh. The Sundarbans is a maze of streams and low-lying islands periodically inundated by the tides and frequently changing in outline. The total area of the islands is about equal to the area of the streams. There are mangrove forests and shrubs, nipa palm groves, ferns, and verbenas. The Sundarbans is sparsely populated. There are breeding grounds for malaria. The name “Sundarbans” probably derives from the sundri tree (20–30 m in height), whose wood is widely used in boat-building.

References in periodicals archive ?
A total of 13 tigers have been killed by people in one and a half decades in Bangladesh During the period, around 265 people were killed in tiger attacks in different areas close to the Sundarbans mangrove region, according to government statistics.
DHAKA: The number of Royal Bengal tigers in the Sundarbans mangrove forest in the Bay of Bengal is decreasing at an alarming rate.
Summary: Youth group visits the Sundarbans to raise awareness about biodiversity
Saugata Bose, said the Advisory Group, consisting of independent technical and scientific experts, can potentially contribute towards coordination and followup of the approved programmes and projects and for the submission of new proposals of common interest, as decided by the Joint Working Group (JWG) on Sundarbans.
The most recent census concluded in 2015 recorded only 106 tigers in the Bangladeshi Sundarbans, down from 440 in 2004.
General Assembly meeting, Bangladeshi-American, environmental, and other groups rallied outside to protest the development of coal-fired power plants near the Sundarbans, a UNESCO World Heritage site and the worlds largest continuous mangrove forest.
AFTER making Nadia the first ' open defecation free' district in the country, West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee is all set to implement the Sabar Shouchagar ( toilets for all) model in the Sundarbans, a Unesco world heritage site.
The oil tanker sank on a major river flowing through the Sundarbans after being hit by a cargo vessel.
Thousands of litres of oil have spilled into the protected Sundarbans mangrove area, home to rare Irrawaddy and Ganges dolphins, since a tanker collided with another vessel on Tuesday.
In what seems to be a bizarre incident, a tiger from the Sundarbans bordering India and Bangladesh snatched away a man while he was fishing with a group around the forest in 24 Parganas (South) district of West Bengal.
Among her topics are a historical geography of the Sundarbans, Tilman Henckell as an advocate of colonial paternalism, development of the port at Canning and the Gosaba co-operative, and the Sundarbans in modern Bengali fiction.
Here the Sundarbans forms the largest mangrove forest on Earth and one of the last great wildernesses in Asia.