Sunderland

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Sunderland,

city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 195,064), NE England, at the mouth of the Wear River. The city was established as a shipbuilding center and a coal-shipping port in the 14th cent; shipbuilding ended in the 1980s, and coal mining in the 1990s. Sunderland exports metals and manufactured goods and imports raw materials. Engineering is an important industry; manufactures include aircraft components, electrical goods, glass, clothes, chemicals, and pottery.

A Benedictine abbey, at which BedeBede, Saint
, or Baeda
(St. Bede the Venerable), 673?–735, English historian and Benedictine monk, Doctor of the Church, also called the Venerable Bede. He spent his whole life at the monasteries of Wearmouth (at Sunderland) and Jarrow and became probably the
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 studied, was founded there in 674. It was destroyed by the Danes, and its remains are incorporated in the Church of St. Peter. Educational and cultural facilities include Sunderland Polytechnic College, Sunderland College for teacher training, and several art museums; the National Glass Centre is in a former shipyard. The district includes the seaside resorts of Roker and Seaburn and the new townnew towns,
planned urban communities in Great Britain, developed by long-term loans from the central government and first authorized by the New Towns Act of 1946. The chief purpose of the act was to reduce congestion in the great cities (or at least prevent its increase) through
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 of Washington.

Sunderland

 

a city and administrative center in Great Britain, in the county of Tyne and Wear. Port on the North Sea, situated at the mouth of the Wear River. Population, 295,700 (1976). Sunderland is a major shipbuilding center. Hoisting, transport, and mining equipment, as well as electronic items, are manufactured; there are also aviation, woodworking, and glass industries. Certain enterprises, such as those producing cable and rope, are associated with the port. Coal is mined and shipped.

Sunderland

1. a city and port in NE England, in Sunderland unitary authority, Tyne and Wear at the mouth of the River Wear: formerly known for shipbuilding now has car manufacturing, chemicals; university (1992). Pop.: 177 739 (2001)
2. a unitary authority in NE England, in Tyne and Wear. Pop.: 283 100 (2003 est.). Area: 138 sq. km (53 sq. miles)