The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Swedish, Skyddskår), a paramilitary organization of the Finnish bourgeoisie and Finnish kulaks.

Founded in 1921, the Suojeluskunta was formed from volunteer detachments of White Guards that had helped suppress the Finnish Revolution of 1918. A law enacted on Dec. 22, 1927, named the president of the republic the commander of the Suojeluskunta and made the organization an auxiliary unit of the national defense system. In 1939, the membership of the organization numbered more than 100,000. The first children’s detachments of the Suojeluskunta were formed in 1929.

Formally incorporated into the armed forces in 1940, the Suojeluskunta took part in fighting against Soviet troops during World War II. It was disbanded on Nov. 3, 1944, in accordance with the terms of the Soviet-Finnish armistice.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
At the age of 17, he joined the Suojeluskunta (Finnish Civil Guard), where he rose to the rank of corporal.
While a regular army was established, the Home Guard, now known as the Suojeluskunta, remained in existence.
While serving in the Suojeluskunta, Simo became known for his abilities as a marksman.
In the early 1920s, the Suojeluskunta rebuilt many of their rifles with heavy-weight barrels bought from SIG and several German companies, improved triggers, and sights regulated in meters.
During the war years, the army and Suojeluskunta adopted a common rifle, the Sotilaskivaari M/39, which many consider the epitome of the Mosin-Nagant series.
Simo's Suojeluskunta unit was called to active duty as the 6th Company of the Jalkavaki Rykmentti 34 (34th Infantry Regiment) and was stationed on the Kollaa River front.
drum magazine Sights: Front: Blade Rear: V-notch adjustable from 100 to 500 meters Bayonet: None Caption: Simo Haya, sitting second from the right, with his squad of Suojeluskunta guardsmen.
Tradice dobrovolneho zapojeni obcanu do obranne-vojenskych nevladnich, obcanskych struktur zacina u nejstarsi organizace Suojeluskunta, svedsky Skydskar neboli "ochranny sbor", "obcanska garda".