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a nominal (nonpredicative) verb form in Latin; the term also refers to functionally or etymologically similar forms in Rumanian, Moldavian, and a number of Slavic languages, including Old Church Slavonic, Old Czech, Slovene, and Lower Wendish. In Latin, the supine in the accusative functions as an adverb, for example, miserunt consultum (“they sent to ask”). In the ablative, it functions as an object attached to an adjective, for example, iucundus cognitu (“pleasing to know”). In the Slavic languages, the supine functions as an adverbial modifier of purpose, for example, in Old Church Slavonic cheso vidĕt” izidete (“what have you come out to see?”).