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a device for mounting a motion-picture camera during filming or a still camera during shooting or for mounting a geodetic, astronomical, or other instrument during work with such an instrument.
The most widely used type of support is the collapsible tripod, which may be made of metal or wood. A camera or instrument is attached to a tripod by means of a projecting stud, which is screwed into a threaded socket in the base of the camera or instrument. As a rule, tripods are equipped with movable heads, which make it possible to mount a camera in various positions with respect to the vertical axis. In professional motion-picture filming, panoramic heads are also used.
Portable devices are also used as camera supports (seeTRAVELING SHOTS, EOUIPMENT FOR). During filming with a handheld motion-picture camera, a gunpod, which fits into the cameraman’s shoulder, is often used.
In a number of cases, a clamp may be used as a support for a still camera. A clamp is employed to attach a camera to the back of a chair, to the edge of a table, or to some other firmly standing object.
The use of camera supports permits exposures longer than 1/30 sec.
S. V. KULAGIN
support(1) See tech support.
(2) A widely used term in the industry to mean "to provide the capabilities for" or "to interface to" or "to include some function."
The phrase "device X supports Y" means that X contains built-in circuitry to perform Y or it can interface to a module that does. For example, "the CPU supports multiprocessing" means it has multiprocessing capabilities built in. "The computer supports Ethernet" means the computer includes Ethernet capability and can plug into an Ethernet network.
The phrase "program X supports Y" means that X includes routines to perform the Y operation or to interface to another program that does. For example, if a development system "supports Windows," the system is used to create Windows applications. "Application X supports database Y" means that X can connect to Y and has built-in routines to interact with it.