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(so͝orəbī`ə, Du. so͞oräbä`yä), city (1990 pop. 2,473,272), capital of East Java prov., NE Java, Indonesia, on the Mas River just above its mouth at the western end of Madura Strait. Chief rival of Jakarta in size and commercial and industrial importance, Surabaya is the country's second largest city and its major naval base, with a huge shipyard, a naval college, and numerous specialized naval schools. An industrial center, it has railroad shops, an automobile-assembly plant, and an oil refinery. Manufactures include textiles, glass, fertilizer, shoes, tobacco products, machinery, metal products, processed foods, tools, and cement. North of the city proper is its port, Tanjungperak, which ships sugar, rubber, coffee, tobacco, petroleum products, and spices. Early in World War II, Surabaya was occupied by the Japanese. Although damaged during the postwar struggle for Indonesian independence, it has been rebuilt. It is the seat of a superior court and of Airlangga Univ. and the Surabaya Institute of Technology.



(or Surabaja), the second largest city in Indonesia, after the capital, Jakarta. Administrative center of the province of Eastern Java. Situated on the Kali Mas, a branch of the Brantas River, at the point where it empties into the Madura Strait. Population, 1.6 million (1971).

Surabaya is an important transportation junction, with a freight turnover of 3.7 million tons in its port (1974). It is linked with the island of Madura by a ferry. Surabaya has the largest metalworking and machine-building enterprises in the country, among which are a shipyard, an automobile assembly plant, electrotechnical enterprises, and railroad workshops. Other enterprises include petroleum refineries, chemical plants, and a plant producing glass containers. The city and its suburbs also have the food and spice, textile, leather and footwear, wood-products, and cement industries. Surabaya has a university.

Surabaya’s date of founding is unknown. In 1019, Airlangga formed an independent Eastern Javanese state in the area of Surabaya. In 1706, Surabaya came under the sway of Dutch colonialists. During the colonial war, in which the Dutch were supported by Great Britain against the Republic of Indonesia, which was proclaimed in 1945, the city was captured by British forces. In memory of the courageous resistance of Surabaya’s inhabitants to the interventionists from Nov. 10 to 25, 1945, November 10 is celebrated as Heroes’ Day in Indonesia.


, Surabaja, Soerabaja
a port in Indonesia, on E Java on the Surabaya Strait: the country's second port and chief naval base; university (1954); fishing and ship-building industries; oil refinery. Pop.: 2 599 796 (2000)
References in periodicals archive ?
Symbols used at the Surabaya workshop run through the middle of the mural's circle, representing the seven archetypes of women.
After Surabaya became a self-governing and autonomous municipality in 1906, private landlords and the municipal government purchased most of the land in the southern half of the city, greatly expanding the number of kampong dwellers under their de facto authority (Basundoro 2013:58, 2012:14).
It was operating soup kitchens in Batavia, Semarang and Surabaya, poorhouses in Central and West Java, polyclinics in Bandung, Ciamis and Tasikmalaya, as well as providing financial support to the White Cross colony for poor people in Salatiga.
On Saturday, the US Embassy in Jakarta has posted a warning on its website of a potential terror threat against the US hotels and banks in Surabaya.
The company's subsequent flights from Surabaya to Singapore have been suspended on Friday.
They would also be brought to Surabaya later on for further identification.
It will focus on the operations of AirAsia Indonesia, and state-owned airport operator Angkasa Pura 1, manager of Surabaya airport.
SURABAYA, Indonesia -- A passenger aboard AirAsia Flight 8501 became the first victim of the crash to be returned to her family Thursday, one of many painful reunions to come, as search crews struggled against wind and heavy rain to find more than 150 people still missing.
The Airbus A320, with 162 passengers and crew, vanished on Sunday - 40 minutes into a flight from Surabaya, Indonesia, to Singapore.
The first two bodies from the AirAsia plane that crashed |off the coast of Borneo arrived on Wednesday in the Indonesian city of Surabaya, where relatives have gathered to await news of their loved ones.
Flight 8501 vanished halfway through its two-hour journey between Surabaya in Indonesia and Singapore after encountering storm clouds.
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office confirmed one of the 155 passengers aboard the flight from Surabaya in Indonesia to Singapore was Briton Choi Chi Man.