Surabaya


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Surabaya,

 

Surabaja,

or

Soerabaja

(so͝orəbī`ə, Du. so͞oräbä`yä), city (1990 pop. 2,473,272), capital of East Java prov., NE Java, Indonesia, on the Mas River just above its mouth at the western end of Madura Strait. Chief rival of Jakarta in size and commercial and industrial importance, Surabaya is the country's second largest city and its major naval base, with a huge shipyard, a naval college, and numerous specialized naval schools. An industrial center, it has railroad shops, an automobile-assembly plant, and an oil refinery. Manufactures include textiles, glass, fertilizer, shoes, tobacco products, machinery, metal products, processed foods, tools, and cement. North of the city proper is its port, Tanjungperak, which ships sugar, rubber, coffee, tobacco, petroleum products, and spices. Early in World War II, Surabaya was occupied by the Japanese. Although damaged during the postwar struggle for Indonesian independence, it has been rebuilt. It is the seat of a superior court and of Airlangga Univ. and the Surabaya Institute of Technology.

Surabaya

 

(or Surabaja), the second largest city in Indonesia, after the capital, Jakarta. Administrative center of the province of Eastern Java. Situated on the Kali Mas, a branch of the Brantas River, at the point where it empties into the Madura Strait. Population, 1.6 million (1971).

Surabaya is an important transportation junction, with a freight turnover of 3.7 million tons in its port (1974). It is linked with the island of Madura by a ferry. Surabaya has the largest metalworking and machine-building enterprises in the country, among which are a shipyard, an automobile assembly plant, electrotechnical enterprises, and railroad workshops. Other enterprises include petroleum refineries, chemical plants, and a plant producing glass containers. The city and its suburbs also have the food and spice, textile, leather and footwear, wood-products, and cement industries. Surabaya has a university.

Surabaya’s date of founding is unknown. In 1019, Airlangga formed an independent Eastern Javanese state in the area of Surabaya. In 1706, Surabaya came under the sway of Dutch colonialists. During the colonial war, in which the Dutch were supported by Great Britain against the Republic of Indonesia, which was proclaimed in 1945, the city was captured by British forces. In memory of the courageous resistance of Surabaya’s inhabitants to the interventionists from Nov. 10 to 25, 1945, November 10 is celebrated as Heroes’ Day in Indonesia.

Surabaya

, Surabaja, Soerabaja
a port in Indonesia, on E Java on the Surabaya Strait: the country's second port and chief naval base; university (1954); fishing and ship-building industries; oil refinery. Pop.: 2 599 796 (2000)
References in periodicals archive ?
Surabaya was also named the best city for tourism development by Yokatta Wonderful Indonesia Tourism Awards 2018, therefore, the moment of opening the Surabaya-Kuala Lumpur route is expected to help fulfill these targets and make Surabaya increasingly known by the international community.
Little has been made public by investigators about the three families, although some information has become available on the church bombers who lived in a middle class neighborhood of Surabaya. Dita Oepriarto ran an herbal medicines business.
"PM Modi had conveyed his deepest condolence for the horrific terror attack in Surabaya. The two leaders together realised that it is time once again for the global community to come together to combat terrorism," MEA Secretary (East) Preeti Saran said, during a media briefing in Jakarta.
Later in the evening, a bomb went off prematurely in a family apartment in Sidoarjo, near Surabaya. The police said the family of six had been planning to launch an attack in a place in Surabaya.
We stand in solidarity with the Persatuan Gereja Gereja di Indonesia (PGI) and share in their witness and current effort to bring healing and peace to the churches in Surabaya and the whole country.
On Sunday morning, three churches in Surabaya were hit by suicide bombers within 10 minutes of each other, killing at least 13 people and wounding around 40.
SURABAYA, Indonesia: A family of six launched suicide attacks on Christians attending Sunday services at three churches in Indonesia's second-largest city of Surabaya, killing at least 13 people and wounding 40, officials said.
A suicide bomber on a motorbike wounded several Indonesian police outside a police building in Surabaya on Monday, a day after Islamist militants launched suicide attacks on churches in the country's second largest city, police said.
SURABAYA, Indonesia -- Coordinated suicide bombings carried out by members of the same family struck three churches in Indonesia's second-largest city Sunday, police said, as the world's most populous Muslim nation recoiled in horror at one of its worst attacks since the 2002 Bali bombings.
A day after the deadly suicide attack in three churches in Surabaya, Indonesia, four suicide bombers on motorcycles blew themselves up in front of the police headquarters in the city Monday.
A suicide bombing at a police headquarters in the Indonesian city of Surabaya on Monday was carried out by a family of five riding on two motorbikes, police say.