Surakarta or Soerakarta (both: so͞oräkärˈta), city (1990 pop. 503,827), on central Java, Indonesia, on the Solo River. Connected by rail with Surabaya and Jakarta, it is a trade center for an area producing tobacco, rice, and sugar. Manufactures include textiles, leather work, machinery, metal products, furniture, and cigarettes, but Surakarta is particularly noted for its batik cloth and goldwork. It is also a cultural center, featuring gamelan music and wayang, or shadow plays. Surakarta's outstanding feature is the vast, walled palace of the sultan, virtually a city in itself. The European section of the city, which contains a Dutch fort built in 1799, resembles an old Dutch town. Surakarta is the seat of a private university and an extension facility of Islamic Univ. of Indonesia. The city is commonly called Solo.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
(also Solo), a sultanate from 1743 to 1950 on the island of Java in Indonesia. From 1812 until World War II it was under Dutch control, and from 1942 to 1945 it was held by Japanese troops. Since 1945 it has been under the jurisdiction of the Republic of Indonesia. In 1950 it became part of the province of Central Java.
(also Solo), a city in Indonesia, on the island of Java; situated on one of the tributaries of the Solo River, in the province of Central Java. Population, 414,000 (1971). A transportation center, Surakarta has food processing and textile enterprises. The city is known for its leather and silver products, as well as bone and wood carvings. Surakarta is a large batik-producing center.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.