Sura

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Sura

(so͞orä`), river, c.540 mi (870 km) long, rising E of Penza, S central European Russia. It flows generally north to empty into the Volga River. It is navigable for about 100 mi (160 km) upstream.

Sura

 

an urban-type settlement in Nikol’sk Raion, Penza Oblast, RSFSR, located at the confluence of the Inza and Sura rivers. Sura has a railroad station on the Inza-Ruzaevka line. The settlement has a distillery, a woodworking plant, and an industrial combine.


Sura

 

a river in Ul’ianovsk, Penza, and Gorky oblasts of the RSFSR; in the Mordovian ASSR, in the Chuvash ASSR, and in the Mari ASSR; a right tributary of the Volga.

The Sura is 841 km long and drains an area of 67,500 sq km. Originating on the Volga Upland, it flows westward along the upland and then primarily toward the north. The Sura is fed mainly by snow. High water is in April and May. The mean flow rate 63 km from the mouth is 253 cu m per sec; it is 260 cu m per sec at the mouth. The maximum flow rate is 7,240 cu m per sec, and the minimum flow rate, occurring from January through March, is 10.5 cum per sec.

The Sura freezes in November or December, and the ice breaks up in late March or in April. The main tributaries are the Uza, the Alatyr’, and the P’iana, on the left, and the Inza and the Barysh, on the right. The lower reaches of the Sura are navigable and are used for floating timber. The river is a source of water for industrial use. The cities of Sursk, Penza, Alatyr’, and Iadrin are located on the Sura; the landing of Vasil’sursk is situated at the mouth. The river attracts many tourists.


Sura

 

(also surah), a chapter of the Koran. The Koran has 114 suras of varying length—from three to 286 ayat (verses). The title of each sura is taken from one of the words found in it, such as “The Cow,” “The Spoils,” “Thunder,” and “Women,” or from the letters with which the chapter begins.

References in periodicals archive ?
Its chapters were arranged generally in order of length, longer Suras coming first and shortest last.
evaluates the internal resonances of the Qur'an (whereby certain suras and verses recall others) and examines its adaptation and revision of previous scriptures, myths, folklore, epics, and poetry from Judeo-Christian and Near Eastern sources, including pre-Islamic Arabic poetry.
Another distinctive feature of sura 12 relevant to Shi'ism is that the word bab or its plural abwab occurs in it more than in other suras.
Muslim and Christian theologians and interfaith promoters will appreciate this commentary of the fifth sura by a Christian scholar.
After all every sura or chapter in the Qur'an, except #9 entitled Repentance, begins with the invocation "In the Name of Allah, the Beneficient, the Merciful
As Muhammad hesitated, the archangel persisted, as described in Sura 96 of the Quran:
In the glorious age of Islamic expansion, this sura was often recited by Islamic armies before Muslim warriors went into battle.
Sells' book focuses primarily on the early, lyrical, theological suras which tend to be quite short.
Exact dates for particular suras are still being debated.
Tabnia, the concept of adoption, is alien to most Muslim societies ever since sura Al-Ahzab 33:37 abolished the pre-Islamic custom of adoption whereby an adopted child could be assimilated by law into another family.
There are 114 Suras or chapters in the Koran, unnumbered but individually named.