Surendranath Banerjea

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Surendranath Banerjee
BirthplaceKolkata, Bengal, British India

Banerjea, Surendranath


Born Nov. 10, 1848, in Calcutta; died Aug. 6, 1925, in Barrackpore. Figure in the Indian national liberation movement. Graduated from the University of Calcutta.

In 1876, Banerjea founded the Indian Association in Bengal, a political organization of the liberal-moderate wing of Indian bourgeois nationalism. He was one of the most prominent leaders of the Bengali national movement. He played a large role in the unification of Indian national organizations and was one of the founders of the Indian National Congress (1885), in which he was one of the leaders of the moderate wing. With a group of moderates, he left the National Congress in 1918 and established the Federation of Liberals.

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Surendranath Banerjea, thrice Congress president, had demanded proportional representation for Bengal in 1880s.
to take part in the work of legislation." (15) In India a year later, as the Indian National Congress stalwart Surendranath Banerjea later recalled, plague, protest, violence, and repression sent "dark clouds rolling over the political horizon." (16) In South Africa, war between the British empire and the two Afrikaner republics in 1899-1902 produced wide-ranging effects across metropole and colonies.
(16) Sir Surendranath Banerjea, A Nation in Making: Being the Reminiscences of Fifty Years in Public Life (London: Humphrey Milford Oxford University Press, 1925), 155.