surface brightness


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surface brightness

Luminosity per unit area on the sky, usually expressed for optical data as magnitudes per square arc second. It is a useful distance-independent property to use in the comparison of low-redshift galaxies (where relativistic corrections are unimportant) because the angular area subtended and the luminosity both decrease with the inverse square of the distance.
References in periodicals archive ?
The researchers also mapped the planet's surface brightness for the first time, revealing the westward hot spot.
Some observations support such a steep cuspy density profile [41, 42]; nevertheless certain high-resolution rotation curves instead indicate that the distribution of DM in the centres of DM dominated dwarf and Low Surface Brightness (LSB) galaxies is much shallower, exhibiting a core with nearly constant density [43].
With large apertures, the excessive surface brightness of the Moon, Venus, and Mars results in troublesome glare that must be reduced using neutral density or color filters.
The 59 talks and 55 poster papers explore such topics as mass loss and variability in evolved stars, imaging radio photospheres with the Jansky Very Large Array, thermohaline mixing and isotope ratios in AGB stars, photometric properties of carbon stars in the Small Magellanic Clouds, and spectroscopy surface brightness fluctuations: amplifying bright stars in unresolved stellar populations.
The new approach works over a factor of several hundred thousand in surface brightness, and allows astronomers to measure the distances to planetary nebulae up to 5 times more accurately than previous methods.
This makes the telescope uniquely adept at detecting the very diffuse, low surface brightness of the newly discovered galaxies.
The Milky Way has a relatively low surface brightness. Its visibility can be greatly reduced by background light such as light pollution or stray light from the moon.
Comparing their retrieval accuracy of two assumptions, a better assumption is determined for modeling farmland surface brightness temperature.
Data captured by the Cassini spacecraft from 2005 to 2009 revealed changes in surface brightness in regions with these structures, a sign of ongoing eryovolcanism on Titan, Anezina Solomonidou of the Paris Observatory reported in September in London at the European Planetary Science Congress.
He has made measurements of both the star and the surface brightness of the nebula close by in the region of HH-215--the most recently generated HH object associated with PV Cep.
This must be a result of the overestimated AODs due to surface brightness