surface mining


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Related to surface mining: Underground mining

surface mining

[′sər·fəs ‚mīn·iŋ]
(mining engineering)
Mining at or near the surface; includes placer mining, mining in open glory-hole or milling pits, mining and removing ore from opencuts by hand or with mechanical excavating and transportation equipment, and the removal of capping or overburden to uncover the ores.
References in periodicals archive ?
In terms of mining techniques, economic rationale will call for use of larger equipment in surface mining as well as further development of underground mining."
The spokesperson called on those who wish to visit Mauritania to observe laws pertaining to the surface mining, saying Mauritania welcomes Sudanese to work and invest in any other field.
* The Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement - also referred to as the Office of Surface Mining (OSM) - is a bureau within the United States Department of the Interior which aims to protect the environment and society from the harmful effects of the surface coal mining.
Poveda and Lipsett, provide readers with analysis of six varied sources for pre-selecting sustainable development indicators specific to the development of surface mining operations of oil sands.The text also provides readers with a methodology for the finalization of said indicators.
William H Schlesinger, president of the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies in Millbrook, said: "This analysis shows that the extent of environmental impacts of surface mining practices is staggering, particularly in terms of the relatively small amount of coal that is produced.
Hargreaves intend to invest a further PS25million in their Scottish mining operations and will base their UK surface mining headquarters in Scotland.
Here, we simply divide the mining of oil shale into two categories: In-situ mining and Surface mining. Surface mining is the same as direct mining, strip mining, ground dry distillation; and In-situ mining is also called underground dry distillation, and underground transformation.
The results indicate that a significant amount of woody biomass is available during surface mining operations in West Virginia.
The facility received the honour for excellence in design, operation and reclamation of a surface mining operation.
The company, which has surface mining operations as well as the four deep mines in northern and central England, described the approach as highly conditional and at a very preliminary stage.
Surface mining for coal in Appalachia has generated opposition because rock and dirt from mountaintops is often removed and placed in nearby valleys and streams.

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