Surge Generator

surge generator

[′sərj ‚jen·ə‚rād·ər]
A device for producing high-voltage pulses, usually by charging capacitors in parallel and discharging them in series.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Surge Generator


a synchronous generator (usually for three-phase current) designed for short-duration operation under short-circuit conditions.

A surge generator is usually an air-cooled, two-pole turbine generator. Such generators are used to test high-voltage apparatus for switching capability and thermal and electrodynamic stability. The apparatus being tested is connected to the surge generator either directly or through a transformer. The short circuit lasts 0.06–0.15 sec, after which the surge generator is cooled for several minutes. The voltage generated is usually in the range from 6 to 20 kilovolts (kV); the power ratings of the largest surge generators range from 3 to 7.5 gigavolts-amperes. Surge generators are driven by asynchronous electric motors with phase-wound rotors, having power ratings of up to 6 gigawatts and excited by a separate source.

Difficulties in the design and construction of surge generators are associated with the high electrodynamic stresses (surge stresses) imposed on the stator winding under short-circuit conditions.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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