Surge Generator

surge generator

[′sərj ‚jen·ə‚rād·ər]
(electricity)
A device for producing high-voltage pulses, usually by charging capacitors in parallel and discharging them in series.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Surge Generator

 

a synchronous generator (usually for three-phase current) designed for short-duration operation under short-circuit conditions.

A surge generator is usually an air-cooled, two-pole turbine generator. Such generators are used to test high-voltage apparatus for switching capability and thermal and electrodynamic stability. The apparatus being tested is connected to the surge generator either directly or through a transformer. The short circuit lasts 0.06–0.15 sec, after which the surge generator is cooled for several minutes. The voltage generated is usually in the range from 6 to 20 kilovolts (kV); the power ratings of the largest surge generators range from 3 to 7.5 gigavolts-amperes. Surge generators are driven by asynchronous electric motors with phase-wound rotors, having power ratings of up to 6 gigawatts and excited by a separate source.

Difficulties in the design and construction of surge generators are associated with the high electrodynamic stresses (surge stresses) imposed on the stator winding under short-circuit conditions.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Testing services include the areas of industrial low voltage devices and systems (which boasts one of the world's most efficient surge generator systems), the safety of electrical equipment and electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), as well as environmental tests.
The surge generator features a special control device, which allows the adjustment of the impulse excitation generated by the exciter, even during short-circuits.
Therefore, our PV surge generator is calibrated only to that level.
The lightning surge generator must be able to produce the required open-circuit voltage and short-circuit current with a waveform and sufficient energy to meet the requirements.
There are notable dissimilarities between the individual standards, and proper planning is required if you are trying to use the same surge generator for both the GR-1089-CORE lightning test and the EN 61000-4-5 surge immunity test on AC power inputs.
Their surge generator oscillated when loaded by many SMPS capacitors.