Surgut


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Surgut

(so͞or`go͞ot), city (1989 pop. 248,000), in the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Region, Siberian Russia, on the Ob river. An oil and gas center as well as a port, it is connected by rail and pipeline to the Urengsy gas fields. Surgut became a city in 1965.

Surgut

 

a city under okrug jurisdiction and administrative center of Surgut Raion, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug (formerly, Khanty-Mansi National Okrug), Tiumen’ Oblast. Since 1975 linked by rail with Tiumen’. Port on the right bank of the Ob’ River. Population, 60,000 (1975).

Surgut was founded in 1593 as an ostrog (fortified settlement) on the site of a former Ostiak fortress. It was given the name of a nearby branch of the Ob’ River. In 1782 it became a city of the namestnichestvo (vicegerency) of Tobol’sk. It did not have city status between 1804 and 1867. It was made a district city of Tobol’sk Province in 1868 and became a district administrative center in 1898. In the first years of Soviet power, Surgut was designated a settlement because of its low population. Since 1930 it has been under the jurisdiction of the Khanty-Mansi National Okrug, which became part of the newly formed Tiumen’ Oblast in 1944.

Surgut developed rapidly after the discovery of rich oil and gas deposits in the 1950’s and 1960’s and was granted city status in 1965. A major center of the Western Siberian oil and gas basin, it has a state regional electric power plant, a housing construction combine, a logging and timber distribution establishment, and a fish-packing combine. Educational and cultural institutions in the city include a branch of the Tiumen’ Industrial Institute, a petroleum technicum, a music school, and a museum of local lore.

References in periodicals archive ?
A newborn girl went to the doctors of the Surgut hospital of Surgut from Nefteyugansk at the age of ten days.
Summary: Moscow [Russia], August 20 (ANI): At least eight people have been injured in the central Russian city of Surgut after a man started stabbing people with knife on the main road.
19 (BNA): Saudi Arabia strongly condemned of the stabbing attacks that took place in Russian far northern city of Surgut and the Finnish city of Turku, killing and wounding a number of people.
Eight people were injured in a knife attack in the Siberian city of Surgut, the local office of the Russian law enforcement committee said in a statement published on its website.
TEHRAN (FNA)- A man armed with a knife attacked pedestrians in the Russian city of Surgut, injuring eight.
The country's Ministry of Interior said in a statement released to the press today that a masked man stabbed several people in one of the streets of the city of Surgut, before police managed to kill him.
Jeddah, Dhu-AlQa'dah 27, 1438, August 19, 2017, SPA -- An official source at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs expressed the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's strong condemnation of the stabbing attacks that took place in Russia's far northern city of Surgut and the Finnish city of Turku, killing and wounding a number of people.
EDT- Officials initially said eight men were injured in Russia's northern city of Surgut after a knife attacker stabbed them Saturday.
Zhivoglyad RN and others (2013) Self-organization and Sanogenesis under Leech Reflex Therapy: Monography; Surgut State Univ.
Kyrgyzstani Kanybek Sagynbayev performed in the super final of the World Championship in billiard held April 9-11 in the city of Surgut, Russia.
The eastern Khanty dialect Surgut, which uses a different strategy to express indirect evidentiality, plays an important role in the analysis.
The direct Moscow charter flights are the culmination of numerous marketing and public relations efforts by Ras Al Khaimah TDA to promote the emirate to travel professionals, media and consumers to date, including the authority's joint marketing activities with Natalie Tours when it conducted a roadshow in June 2012 to the cities of Kazan, Ufa, Chelyabinsk, Ekateringburg and Samara, as well as to the cities of Tyumen, Omsk, Novosibirsk and Surgut in July 2012.