But winter was coming on, and the surplus labour
army was pouring into the cities.
On the other hand, an increase in wages over their normal average level is, on the part of the worker, a sharing in, an appropriation of, a part of his own surplus labour
(similarly assuming the productive power of labour remains constant).
Rather all labour produces surplus labour
in Goodman's account, and women's labour is especially productive because of its "ties" to reproduction.
A study by Qatar Foundation, the institution that together with Qatar's 2022 Supreme Committee for Delivery & Legacy of the World Cup, has adopted the region's most far-reaching improved labour standards, set out ethical standards for the recruitment of foreign labour that are currently being violated not only in the Gulf but also in Asian countries that have an interest in exporting surplus labour
If the surplus labour
is not needed on farms, but there are only few jobs in manufacturing or other high-productivity employment, people are forced into low-productivity service sector work--not a promising prospect for overall development.
MANAMA: A move authorising Tamkeen to invest surplus labour
fees in shares, real estate and stock exchanges has sparked outrage among businesspeople.
Africa needs job-intensive industries, such as garment-making and component assembly, to soak up its surplus labour
of Wollongong, Australia) writes, "that the value of capitalized financial assets is determined not by the productivity of capital goods or the exploitation of surplus labour
power, but by the power of capitalists to create and recreate the landscape of social reproduction writ large in an effort to garner differential earnings.
Rural Surplus Labour
and Constraints on the Development of TVEs
We've had businesses start up to service them and it's been a transition for some surplus labour
and equipment that's been involved in the forestry industry"
Unable to generate capital and extract surplus labour
, by the early 1840s colonists were petitioning for the first 'free' colony of Australia to introduce convict transportation (2).
The ESCAP Survey cautions that over-reliance on natural resource exports risks delaying economic diversification and tends to leave rural areas with surplus labour
, raising both income inequality and social tensions.