surplus labour


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surplus labour

(MARXISM) labour performed in all class societies, which is undertaken at the command of others or for payment, which enriches an exploiting class. In capitalism this labour produces SURPLUS VALUE. See also LABOUR POWER, LABOUR THEORY OF VALUE.
References in classic literature ?
But winter was coming on, and the surplus labour army was pouring into the cities.
In fact, Muscat (Oman) joins Perth (Australia), Santiago (Chile), and Sao Paulo (Brazil) as the study's only markets to offer surplus labour this year.
Once the eurozone has reached the so-called "Lewis turning point" - when surplus labour is depleted and wages start to rise - growth rates will fall to a level that better reflects demographic dynamics.
This position rejects both the neoclassical economic view of capital as a simple factor of production and the Marxian view of capital as 'solely rooted in the exploitation of surplus labour power' (p.
The traditional drivers of its economy - a vast pool of surplus labour and massive investments in infrastructure, housing, and industrial capacity - are becoming exhausted.
One possible solution is to export the surplus labour, namely, to work with foreign governments and industries to meet their manpower needs.
South Africa is increasingly a surplus labour economy, characterized by vast pools of low-skilled workers who are simply not necessary to the functioning of today's capitalism.
have to address the severe problem of losses in surplus labour being used, losses in the transmission side, power thefts.
On the other hand, an increase in wages over their normal average level is, on the part of the worker, a sharing in, an appropriation of, a part of his own surplus labour (similarly assuming the productive power of labour remains constant).
In 2012 the working-age population of China shrank for the first time, threatening a mainland economic miracle built upon a pool of surplus labour.
A study by Qatar Foundation, the institution that together with Qatar's 2022 Supreme Committee for Delivery & Legacy of the World Cup, has adopted the region's most far-reaching improved labour standards, set out ethical standards for the recruitment of foreign labour that are currently being violated not only in the Gulf but also in Asian countries that have an interest in exporting surplus labour.
A study by the Qatar Foundation, the institution that together with Qatar's 2022 Supreme Committee for Delivery & Legacy of the World Cup, has adopted the region's most far-reaching improved labour standards, set out ethical standards for the recruitment of foreign labour that are currently being violated not only in the Gulf but also in Asian countries that have an interest in exporting surplus labour.