surplus labour

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surplus labour

(MARXISM) labour performed in all class societies, which is undertaken at the command of others or for payment, which enriches an exploiting class. In capitalism this labour produces SURPLUS VALUE. See also LABOUR POWER, LABOUR THEORY OF VALUE.
References in periodicals archive ?
The wage form thus extinguishes every trace of the division of the working-day into necessary labour and surplus-labour, into paid and unpaid labour.
Efforts to have capitalist exploitation predominate over other forms of extraction of unpaid surplus-labour, via the commodification of land and labour, were ultimately successful.
The specific economic form, in which unpaid surplus-labour is pumped out of direct producers determines the relationship of domination and servitude, as this grows directly out of production itself and reacts back upon it in turn as a determinant.
One of those ideas is that profits are the monetary expression of surplus-value whose material origin is the mass of surplus-labour produced by all wage workers and appropriated by the capitalist class.
As we will see later, these prices can be interpreted theoretically as the result of a double process of transformation-distribution of the surplus-labour included as a component in direct prices, giving place successively to prices of production and market prices.
the quantities of labour and surplus-labour, created in production.
As a consequence, this double active struggle against workers and competitors in the pursuit of surplus-labour and profits, generates at any moment--during any period of time, rather--a certain mass of profit which brings to its "producer", when compared to the capital he invested previously, a specific individual rate of profit that will in general be different from the rates of all other firms and sectors.
Indeed, in pre-capitalist societies where the direct producers have direct access to the means of production and therefore "the surplus-labour for the nominal landowner can only be extorted from them by extra-economic compulsion," this is likely to be the case generally.
is not only capital's positively self-sustaining force of surplus-labour extraction but also the devastating negative power - the apparently forbidding inertia - of its circular linkages.