surrogate mother

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Related to Surrogate mothers: Gestational surrogacy

surrogate mother,

a woman who agrees, usually by contract and for a fee, to bear a child for a couple who are childless because the wife is infertile or physically incapable of carrying a developing fetus. Often the surrogate mother is the biological mother of the child, conceiving it by means of artificial inseminationartificial insemination,
technique involving the artificial injection of sperm-containing semen from a male into a female to cause pregnancy. Artificial insemination is often used in animals to multiply the possible offspring of a prized animal and for the breeding of endangered
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 with sperm from the husband. In gestational surrogacy, the wife is fertile but incapable of carrying a growing fetus; the child is conceived by in vitro fertilizationin vitro fertilization
(IVF), technique for conception of a human embryo outside the mother's body. Several ova, or eggs, are removed from the mother's body and placed in special laboratory culture dishes (Petri dishes); sperm from the father are then added, or in many cases a
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 using the wife's eggs and her husband's sperm, and the resulting embryo is implanted in the surrogate mother's uterus.

Surrogate motherhood has raised complex ethical and legal issues, and lawsuits over custody after the child's birth have resulted from both types of surrogacy. In the highly publicized Baby M case (1986–88), Mary Beth Whitehead, the surrogate (and biological) mother, sued William and Elizabeth Stern, the baby's father and his wife, for custody of the child. Although the surrogate mother was not awarded custody in the Baby M case, she was granted visitation rights. Several European countries and a number of states have passed laws banning paid surrogacy.

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References in periodicals archive ?
"They said they were enticed to become surrogate mothers out of poverty and that they needed money to support their families," he said.
Surrogate mothers, meanwhile, must be aged 25 to 35, already have a child of their own and can only offer their services once.
In late October, Interior Ministry secretary of state Chou Bun Eng said a defence lawyer for another 32 surrogate mothers submitted a document to the court requesting bail for them so that they could raise their children.
At face value, Ex Parte KAF is a typical surrogacy confirmation application: the applicants were the commissioning mother and father (a married couple) and the surrogate mother and her life partner.
In 2007 the Yamadas, Japanese couple, traveled to India to hire a surrogate mother to bear a child for them.
Surrogate mothers are not a new solution to the old problem of not being able to reproduce an offspring.
According to Russian Federal law (Article 55) 'On the basics of protection of the health of citizens in the Russian Federation' surrogacy is carrying and giving birth to a child within the contract, which is signed by surrogate mother and biological parents who gave their own sex cells.
The post Planned amendments to law on surrogate mothers in Cyprus appeared first on Cyprus Mail .
None of the surrogate mothers were allowed to travel, TIME reported.
Also, in developing countries like India, several problems can arise regarding the appropriate treatment and compensation of surrogate mothers who are paid much less by foreigners than surrogate mothers in the western countries.
surrogate mothers have been employed by childless heterosexual German
Surrogate mothers, too, are not empowered to make informed choices as their decisions are solely driven by the need for money," said Lopamudra Mohanty of the WCD ministry.