Surya Kant Tripathi Nirala

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nirala, Surya Kant Tripathi


Born 1896; died Oct. 15, 1961, in Allahabad. Indian writer. Wrote in Hindi.

Nirala was one of the founders of the chayavad romantic movement. However, he gradually abandoned romanticism in favor of realism in literature. His poetry is characterized by simplicity, expressiveness, and musicality. Nirala’s prose writings deal primarily with social criticism.

Nirala’s principal works include the verse collections Nameless (1923), New Leaves (1946), and The Sound of Songs (1954), the novels The Heavenly Maiden (1931) and Alaka (1933), and the short-story collections Lili (1933) and The Wife of Mr. Shukla (1941).


In Russian translation:
Alaka: Izbr. proza. Moscow, 1960.
Potok: Stikhi, pesni i poemy. Moscow, 1961.


Chelyshev, E. “S. T. Nirala i ego vklad v sovremennuiu poeziiu khindi.” In Literatury Indii. Moscow, 1958.
Chelyshev, E. Sovremennaia poeziia khindi. Moscow, 1965.
Chelyshev, E. Literatura khindi: Kratkii ocherk Moscow, 1968.
Iakunin, V. P. “Osnovnye cherty khudozhestvennoi prozy Niraly.” In Sovremennaia indiiskaia proza. Moscow, 1962.
Sharma, Rambilas. Nirala. Bombay, 1948.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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