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Related to Susiana: Susa, media, Iran, Babylon


see ElamElam
, ancient country of Asia, N of the Persian Gulf and E of the Tigris, now in W Iran. A civilization seems to have been established there very early, probably in the late 4th millennium B.C. The capital was Susa, and the country is sometimes called Susiana.
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References in periodicals archive ?
5x8 meters in extent, in deposits dating from the earliest stage of the Archaic Susiana down through the Aceramic Neolithic to virgin soil.
For example, three curious tablet-like objects from Middle Susiana levels are shown in figure 37 as about 4 cm long, but on plate 20 they appear to be closer to 6 cm in size.
The conflicting positions of scholars interpreting the presence of Mesopotamian material culture in Susiana in the Late Uruk/Susa II period are presented: swift colonization and political domination by southern Mesopotamia versus gradual cultural ascendancy of a southern Mesopotamia element already part of the local population.
In his concluding chapter, he mentions that recent studies of trade and communication routes indicate that a major axis of circulation joined the Susiana plain, the Zagros piedmont, the Tigris valley, and the Jezireh, thus essentially bypassing southern Mesopotamia, which, hence, appears marginal from this viewpoint.
The site appears to have been continually occupied over the next several millennia, and reached a size of about 13-15 hectares at the end of the Middle Susiana Period.
human figurines seem to have gone out of fashion in both Mesopotamia and Susiana (p.
The first part of his book provides an excellent and readable account of the recent discoveries (chapter two: "Uruk Sites in the Susiana Plain"; chapters three and four: "Uruk Settlements in the Syro-Mesopotamian Plain and Surrounding Highlands" and their function).
Archaeological work outside the "heartland" is producing important new data regarding Ubaid cultures (see Berman and Pollock on the Susiana plain, Henrickson on the central Zagros highlands, Frifelt on the Gulf area and Akkermans and Thuesen on northern Mesopotamia and Syria).