Sutan Sjahrir

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Sjahrir, Sutan


Born Mar. 5, 1909, in Sumatra; died 1966, in Switzerland. Indonesian political figure, right-wing socialist leader.

The son of a feudal lord, Sjahrir received his education in Indonesia and the Netherlands. One of the leaders of the Socialist Party of Indonesia, he served several times as prime minister between 1945 and 1947. In 1948 he headed the group of right-wing socialists that split from the SPI to form the Indonesian Socialist Party (Partai Sosialis Indonesia). Sjahrir was known for his anti-Communist views. He supported the separatist rebellions in Indonesia in the late 1950’s. In 1962, Sjahrir was imprisoned, but he was soon freed and permitted to go to Europe.

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(16.) Sutan Syahrir had thought in 1946 that elections held around that time would deliver 80 per cent of the vote to Masyumi (Effendy 2003, pp.
'Universal Humanism' developed among cultural workers associated loosely with the Sutan Syahrir circle of the Partai Sosialis Indonesia (PSI, Socialist Party of Indonesia)--a party whose members, and those strongly influenced by them, had for much of independent Indonesia's history functioned as something of the 'brain trust' within the nationalist elite.