Sutherland, Edwin Hardin

Sutherland, Edwin Hardin

(1883–1950) sociologist, criminologist; born in Gibbon, Nebr. Son of a college president, he taught longest at the University of Indiana (1935–50), chairing the sociology department (1935–49). His textbook, Criminology (1924), became a standard, undergoing four editions by 1947. This work codified the "multiple factors" known to be associated with crime and criminality and argued that criminal behavior was learned. He shattered the class-oriented study of crime with The Professional Thief (1937) and White Collar Crime (1949), coining the term "white collar crime."
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.