So while the Vinaya and Jataka are forgiving of animals they are also consistent with the sutta
literature which holds that understanding is necessary.
As the Sabbasava Sutta
states so clearly, we must do our best to counteract unwholesome thoughts and impulses by exercising restraint and self control.
There are only transient phenomena that arise, stay for a short while, and perish, and we would not identify any of these as 'the self, It is important to emphasise that the Buddha is neither stating that the self exists nor that it does not, and in several suttas
, both the beliefs 'I have a self as well as 'I have no self are said to be views which followers of the Buddha need to abandon (Majjhima Nikaya i 8; Samyutta Nikaya iv 400).
There are other suttas
, even within the Majjhima Nikaya itself, that take place after the Buddha's death.
Bhikkhu Bodhi compares the discussion about the arahant who is "liberated by wisdom" (pannavimutta) in the Susima Sutta
of the Samyutta Nikaya with its parallels in the (Chinese) Mahasanghika Vinaya, in the Samyuktagama of the (Mula-)Sarvastivadins, and in the Abhidharmavibhasa Sastra.
in the suttas
can be the basis for a diametrically opposite theory on the status and validity of these two modes of quitting the sangha.
He said understanding Pali suttas
only through their current English translations can be misleading as they fail to convey the actual meaning of the Pali phrases.
There is the example from the MahaParinibbana sutta
, in which we see how the Buddha, who was then at Vesali, decided on the date of his Parinibbana or final passing away.
Therefore, if someone comes up with some early sutta
texts that clearly contradict my interpretations, it may prove fatal to my hypothesis.
The opening does not follow the standard evam me sutam formula for introducing the Buddha's teaching found in both canonical and "apocryphal" suttas
Vinaya and the Suttas
in Sarvastivada and Dharmagupta schools, in
4) Neither Unno nor Nhat Hanh defines "metaphysics," and by describing the Buddha of the suttas
as unconcerned with an undefined "metaphysics," they imply (whether they mean to or not) that he was unconcerned with a number of topics that he in fact identifies as being of the utmost importance.