Sutra

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Sutra:

see Sanskrit literatureSanskrit literature,
literary works written in Sanskrit constituting the main body of the classical literature of India. Introduction

The literature is divided into two main periods—the Vedic (c.1500–c.200 B.C.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sutra

 

an ancient Indian treatise dealing with such subjects as philosophy, morals, politics, law, or grammar and presented in the form of a collection of didactic aphorisms. Sutras appeared in the middle of the first millennium B.C. Philosophical sutras are thought to have appeared, in the form in which they have come down to us, in the fifth century A.D.; the dharmasutras—anthologies which set out the law—date from the first to third centuries A.D. The famous monument of Indian literature, the Arthashastra, is also written in the form of sutras.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.