Suzerainty


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Suzerainty

 

a system of personal relations, prevailing during the period of feudalism, under which one lord (seigneur) enjoys sovereignty over another (vassal) in a manner and for a duration fixed by mutual agreement. Such relations grew out of the hierarchical structure of feudal ownership, which served to unite the ruling class of great feudal lords (kings, princes, dukes) and allowed them to exercise authority in political, military, judicial, and other matters in their respective dominions. After the formation of centralized states, however, authority was concentrated more and more in the hands of the king (supreme seigneur), who thus became the sovereign monarch.

Internationally, the legal relations between a strong state and a weaker vassal state developed along the lines of a suzerainty (see alsoVASSAL STATE).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Khans of Kalat continued to reiterate their claim on the 'Gwadar enclave', however, since the area was under British suzerainty it did not materialize.
They agreed, together with Resid-Pasha, that through collective demarches at Vienna Russia would be convinced to evacuate the Romanian countries and Ottoman suzerainty should be re-established over them.
However much Portugal celebrated the names of Christian saints, Fatima remained Fatima, a reminder of Muslim suzerainty just as so many of the Christian buildings have keyhole doorways and other reminders of Moorish characteristics.
To Hamashita, "Treaty relations remained subordinated to historic principles of the Chinese world order associated with suzerainty and the tribute trade order" by the end of the Qing dynasty (113).
They have never accepted the suzerainty of a king or a sovereign monarch.
Site of ancient Carthage and a former Barbary state under the suzerainty of Turkey, Tunisia became a protectorate of France under a treaty signed May 12, 1881.
China has continued to suppress Tibetans under their suzerainty since decades and thousands have died in the war for freedom since 1950s.
If the Qing empire acted in any way toward its Korean vassal it was to uphold, maintain, or, as is more often expressed in scholarly treatments of this period, reassert its traditional, ritual-based suzerainty over Korea.
The Treaty of Turkmenchay was a treaty negotiated in Turkmenchay by which the Qajar Empire recognized Russia's temporary suzerainty over the Erivan khanate, the Nakhichevan khanate, and the remainder of the Talysh khanate, establishing the Aras River as the common boundary between the empires, after its defeat in 1828 at the end of the Russo-Persian War, 1826-1828.
Herein Yaz'anites describe themselves as qayls of the tribes, "Rathabum, payfatan, Sa'kalan, Rak[ban and kabi]rs of the tribe ayban," which suggests an extension of Yaz'anite suzerainty as far east as into what has become Oman's Zafar Governorate.
After all, waning Russian suzerainty and influence in Syria maybe leading them to look elsewhere.
According to his advice, the Outer Mongols in 1691 have recognized suzerainty of the Manchu Emperor on the assembly at Dolonnor Lake.