Svárov Strike of 1870

Svárov Strike of 1870

 

a strike of textile workers at the factory of the German capitalist Liebig in Svárov, northern Bohemia, in what is now the Czech Socialist Republic.

The Svárov strike, which lasted from February 18 to April 11, was held to protest a 10-percent reduction in wages by the management. The workers also demanded that the 12-hour workday be shortened. The strike was led by workers and members of a local Social Democratic Circle. Textile workers at factories in Železný Brod, which were also owned by Liebig, supported the strikers. On March 31, a crowd of 3,000 workers, gathered in front of the factory in Svárov, was attacked by the police and military troops. Many were wounded, and six workers were killed; the organizers of the strike were arrested. The violence against the Svárov strikers set off a wave of protest throughout the country and Liebig was forced to accept all the demands of the strikers.