Svanetia

Svanetia

(svänē`shə), mountainous region, in Georgia, on the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus. It is very difficult to access, and its inhabitants, the Svans, have retained many of their traditions. They speak a South Caucasian language, like the Georgians. The Svanetian Range, a spur of the central Greater Caucasus, extends c.50 mi (80 km) west from the main range near the Dykh-Tau and rises to 13,110 ft (3,996 m).

Svanetia

 

a historical region in Georgia; located on the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus, on the upper courses of the Inguri and Tskhenistskali rivers, and inhabited by Svans. In the mid-16th century, after the disintegration of the Georgian Kingdom, part of Svanetia was annexed by the Mingrelian Principality. The rest came under the rule of the Imeretian king and was divided into Free Svanetia and Princely Svanetia, the latter a possession of Prince Dadeshkeliani. Princely rule in the region was abolished in the period 1857–59. The Svans raised livestock and crops of various kinds. In highland Svanetia, weakly developed feudal relations and remnants of the communal order long persisted. Svanetia is roughly coextensive with present-day Mestia and Lentekhi raions in the Georgian SSR.

References in periodicals archive ?
In 2006, Kipiani brought two old films to the improvised movie nights we were running: Konstantine Mikaberidze's My Grandmother and Mikheil Kalatozishvili's Salt for Svanetia (both 1929).
Since there were no Russian-language schools in Svanetia, all Svans brought up in Svanetia will have been educated through the medium of Georgian, learning and speaking Svan at home.
The State Department also has warned Americans that areas of relative lawlessness include upper Svanetia, Samtskhe-Javakheti, areas of the Samegrelo Region, and areas near Abkhazia's and South Ossetia's borders with the rest of Georgia.
For my purposes, however, the most useful 19th-century treatments of banditry in the Caucasus, and of Caucasian mountaineer life more generally, have been Clive Phillipps Wolley, Savage Svanetia (London: Bentley, 1883); Wanderer, Notes on the Caucasus (London: Macmillan, 1883); and Milton J.
This caravan of trauma was forced across the frozen mountains of Svanetia, the most inhospitable region of Georgia's northern Caucasian ridge.
It also has warned Americans that areas of relative lawlessness include South Ossetia, upper Svanetia, Samtskhe-Javakheti, and Abkhazia and areas near the latter's border with the rest of Georgia.
The latest CD by the band, Salt for Svanetia, is an extended version of the soundtrack they were commissioned to write for Mikhail Kalatozov's 1930s Soviet-era silent documentary.