Sveaborg

Sveaborg

 

the Swedish name of a former fortress in southern Finland. The fortress is located on several islands, now part of Helsinki, in the Gulf of Finland at the entrance to the harbor of Helsinki. In Finnish, the fortress is now called Suomenlinna; until 1918 its Finnish name was Viapori.

The main fortifications were built by the Swedes in the second half of the 18th century. In April 1808 the Swedish army at Sveaborg surrendered to Russian troops. From 1809 to 1917 the fortress was part of the Russian Empire and served as a base for Russia’s Baltic Fleet. An uprising of soldiers and sailors took place at Sveaborg during the Revolution of 1905–07.

References in periodicals archive ?
The naval fortress Sveaborg, constructed in the 18th century, transformed the place into an important military maritime fortification on the Baltic Sea.
The success of gunboats against Russian forts at Kinburn, (in which the first 'Ironclads', four French gunboats protected by four inches of iron plate, had played a critical role) had convinced the Navy that the Baltic forts of Sveaborg (75 per cent of which had already been destroyed by a flotilla too light to complete the task in August 1855) and Kronstadt could now be tackled.
Helsinki began as a village, soon to be overshadowed by the island fortress of Sveaborg (Suomenlinna), built by the Swedish, maintained and developed by the Russians.
The sea fortress (called Sveaborg) of Suomenlinna, is one such site.
He ran a coffee house at Fort Sveaborg, mainly for officers.