Sverdrup, Harald Ulrik

Sverdrup, Harald Ulrik

(hä`räl o͞ol`rĭk svĕr`dro͝op), 1888–1957, Norwegian oceanographer and meteorologist. He was in charge of the scientific work on the Maud for AmundsenAmundsen, Roald
(Roald Engelbregt Grauning Amundsen) , 1872–1928, Norwegian polar explorer; the first person to reach the South Pole. He served (1897–99) as first mate on the Belgica
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's arctic expeditions (1917–25) and on the Nautilus for WilkinsWilkins, Sir George Hubert,
1888–1958, British explorer, b. Australia. He made a number of trips to Antarctica and to the Arctic. Valuable experience gained when he accompanied Vilhjalmur Stefansson's expedition (1913–18) to the Arctic and Sir Ernest Shackleton's
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's submarine arctic expedition (1931). He was professor in Bergen at the Geophysical Institute (1926–30) and at the Christian Michelsen Institute (1931–36) and was (1936–48) professor at the Univ. of California and director of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. There he helped develop methods to predict the tides and surf that were used for amphibious landings by Allied forces during World War II. In 1948 he became professor of geophysics and director of the Norwegian Polar Institute, Oslo. He wrote Oceanography for Meteorologists (1942) and The Oceans: Their Physics, Chemistry, and General Biology (with M. W. Johnson and R. H. Fleming; 1942).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sverdrup, Harald Ulrik

 

Born Nov. 15 1888, in Sogn-dal; died Aug. 21, 1957, in Oslo. Norwegian arctic explorer, meteorologist, and oceanographer. Member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters and the National Academy of Sciences of the USA.

Sverdrup served as professor at the Geophysical Institute in Bergen from 1926 to 1930 and at the University of California from 1936 to 1948. He was the director of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in California from 1936 to 1948 and of the Norwegian Polar Institute from 1948. He was a professor at the University of Oslo from 1949.

From 1918 to 1925, Sverdrup directed the scientific investigations of the polar expeditions led by R. Amundsen on the Maud and compiled important data on the dynamics and regime of the East Siberian Sea. In 1931, Sverdrup conducted an underwater polar expedition on the Nautilus.

WORKS

Oceanography for Meteorologists. London, 1945.
The Oceans: Their Physics, Chemistry, and General Biology, 7th ed. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1942. (With M. W. Johnson and R. H. Fleming.)
In Russian translation:
Plavanie na sudne “Mod” v vodakh morei Laptevykh i Vostochno-Sibirskogo. Leningrad, 1930.
Vo I’dy napodvodnoi lodke. Moscow, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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