The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a village in Verkhnii Uslon Raion, Tatar ASSR, at the confluence of the Sviaga and Volga rivers. The construction of the Kuibyshev Reservoir turned the village’s site into an island.

Sviiazhak was founded in 1551 as a fortress, which had been assembled in four weeks from parts prepared near Uglich and floated down the Volga. It served as a base for the Russian forces during the siege of Kazan in 1552. In the second half of the 16th century it became a district city, and in the 18th century it was made part of Kazan Province. Since 1932, Sviiazhsk has been a village.

Architectural monuments include the church of St. Constantine and St. Helena (1704), Uspenskii Monastery, and the Monastery of St. John the Baptist. Uspenskii Monastery is noted for its cathedral (1560), which is decorated with 16th-century frescoes; originally built in the Pskov architectural style, the cathedral was reconstructed in the baroque style in the 17th and 18th centuries. The monastery complex also includes St. Nicholas Church (1556), which was rebuilt in the 17th and 18th centuries from a square one-pillared refectory with a church. The Monastery of St. John the Baptist (formerly St. Sergius Trinity Monastery) includes the wooden Trinity Church (1551, rebuilt) and the church of St. Sergius (rebuilt in the 17th and 18th centuries from a late-16th-century square one-pillared refectory with a church).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Once military maneuvers began, he exhorted more virtuous behavior from Ivan's army stationed in Sviiazhsk, the Muscovite fort near Kazan'.
When Ivan arrived in Sviiazhsk, the new Muscovite fort across the river from Kazan', he proceeded immediately to its new church for a local blessing.
The new archbishop would oversee Kazan', Sviiazhsk, and their environs; soon it also gained authority over the lower Volga, including Astrakhan.
German was another one-time hegumen of the Iosifo-Volokolamskii Monastery, assigned with the creation of the Bogoroditskii Monastery in Sviiazhsk, and the other was Varsonofii, a former archimandrite of the Pesnoshskii Monastery, who founded an urban monastery in Kazan', the Spaso-Preobrazhenskii.
Sviiazhsk's Bogoroditsii Monastery, the region's second oldest institution, was the first to receive a monopoly to import salt, which eventually turned the monastery into the region's dominant purveyor of salt.
The region's two oldest monasteries, Kazan's Zilantov Uspenskii and Sviiazhsk's Bogoroditskii, had five and six villages respectively, with populations of greater than 550 in the former and 850 in the latter.
Varsonofii then founded the Spaso-Preobrazhenskii Monastery in Kazan', and German, the third member of the procession, established the Bogoroditsii Monastery in nearby Sviiazhsk. Germogen wrote that once Varsonofii and German built their monasteries, they devoted themselves to the conversion of their non-Orthodox neighbors, though the vitae offered no further insights as to the mission's possible success or failure.