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(svēr), river, c.140 mi (230 km) long, NW European Russia, flowing W from Lake Onega into Lake Ladoga. It is part of the Volga-Baltic WaterwayVolga-Baltic Waterway,
canal and river system, c.685 mi (1,100 km) long, N European Russia. It links the Volga River and the St. Petersburg industrial area. It consists of the Moscow-Volga Canal, the Volga River, the Rybinsk Reservoir, the Mariinsk system (composed of the
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. There are hydroelectric stations at Svirstroy and Podporozhye.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a river in Leningrad Oblast, RSFSR. The Svir’ originates in Lake Onega and empties into Lake Ladoga. It is 224 km long and drains an area of 84,400 sq km. The total gradient is approximately 28 m. The river’s flow is regulated by Lake Onega, the Verkhniaia Svir’ Hydroelectric Power Plant, which forms the Ivinskii overflow (area, 116 sq km), and the Nizhniaia Svir’ Hydroelectric Power Plant. The river’s mean flow rate is approximately 790 cu m per sec. The Svir’ freezes in November or December (sometimes January); the ice breaks up in the second half of April or first half of May. The Svir’ is part of the Volga-Baltic Waterway. The main landings are at Voznesen’e, Podporozh’e, Lodeinoe Pole, and Sviritsa.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A living museum village on the banks of the Svir River, it has been reconstructed to mirror times gone by and highlights Russian traditions and lifestyle.
In it, Army Group North manages only to expand its foothold at Shlisselburg east ten miles along the lake shore and fails to make contact with the Finns, who had advanced along the eastern shore and dug in behind the Svir River. That left some 65 miles of exposed shoreline from which an ice road to Leningrad could be operated in the winter.
They could travel by the Kama, Volga, Sheksna rivers, along the bank of Lake Beloye, by the Kovzha, Vytegra and Svir rivers up to Lake Onega and Lake Ladoga and then to the Gulf of Finland (Mariinsky Waterway--Volga-Baltic Waterway) (Dubov 1989, fig.