Swarajists


Also found in: Dictionary.

Swarajists

 

the members of the Indian National Congress, or Congress Party, who in 1923 formed a separate party within the Congress Party. The Swarajists were led by M. Nehru and C. Das. Unlike M. K. Gandhi, who called for a boycott of the legislative bodies created in 1921 by the Montagu-Chelmsford Reform, the Swarajists held that parliament could be used as a tribune in the struggle for swaraj, or home rule, which they interpreted as dominion status for India. As revolutionary fervor grew in the period 1928–33 and as this mood found expression in the slogan of full independence for India, the party of the Swarajists disintegrated.

References in periodicals archive ?
58- 59; Notes on the Second Reforms Council (Swaraj Party), Hailey Collection, 11 A, IOR: Speeches of leading Swarajists, see Zamindar, 16 May to 25 May, 1925.
In the Punjab, Lajpat Rai, a veteran Hindu leader and a great critic of Fazl- i- Husain's ' rul e' in the Punjab and Choudhary Shahabuddin's 'rule' in Lahore,8 had helped the Swarajist election campaign.
By 1924, the situation had become worse from the government point of view; the Swarajist element had won a great victory in the recent elections, and their entry into the councils had stiffened the demand for further reforms in India.
Jaswant Singh portrays how the Swarajists (people claiming complete independence ) and the constitutionalists (demanding Dominion Status ), ran parallel movements in support of their claim and Jawaharlal Nehru laments doubts about the 'hastely conceived resolution for Indian independence and 'thoughtfully passed' (P.