swastika

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swastika

this symbol with clockwise arms, officially adopted in 1935 as the emblem of Nazi Germany

Swastika

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

The word "swastika" is from the Sanscrit svastika, meaning "well-being" or "good luck." Based on a sun wheel, or Wheel of the Year, it has been found in many countries over many thousands of years, and is one of the most ancient and widespread of all decorative forms, appearing in both hemispheres.

In Buddhism, the clockwise form of the swastika represents cessation and the counterclockwise version genesis. The swastika is found among Native American tribes, such as the Navaho, and a swastika formed by four long-beaked birds has been found in Native American burial mounds. Ancient Greek and Aegean pottery has been found decorated with the symbol. It is also found in China, Persia, Asia Minor, Libya, Scandinavia, Britain, and Iceland.

In some examples the swastika is depicted as two S-curves intersecting at right angles at the center. A Solar Swastika is formed by an equal-armed cross with the ends forming into circles. This represents the four solar festivals: the solstices and equinoxes.

The swastika first appeared in Germany in the late ninteteenth century, associated with the völkisch movement's idealogy. Hitler's National Socialist German Workers' Party eventually adopted it as its symbol. It has thus become associated with the infamy of the Nazis during World War II but, in fact, like any other symbol, it is neither good nor evil in itself. It is merely a symbol and has meaning only to the person using it.

Swastika

 

a cross with the ends of the arms bent at right angles; one of the oldest decorative motifs found on works of art of ancient cultures of Europe and Asia, including ancient India, and, more rarely, of Africa and America. During classical Greek and Roman times, the swastika was occasionally used on Greek vases and Greek and Sicilian coins; later it was used by European medieval and folk artists. The symbolism of the swastika is unclear. It has been interpreted to represent, among other things, the sun, crossed bolts of lightning, and Thor’s hammer. The swastika is sometimes called gammadion (crux gammata) because it consists of four Greek capital letters gamma branching out from one point.

In more recent times, the swastika has been used as the central compositional element of the flag of fascist Germany and has come to symbolize barbarism and violence.

REFERENCCE

Jaeger, K. Zur Geschichte und Symbolik des Hakenkreuzes. Leipzig, 1921.

What does it mean when you dream about a swastika?

The swastika is an ancient symbol of creative, life-giving power. The direction that it turns—clockwise being good, counterclockwise being destructive—are important in the religious traditions that utilize the swastika. The phenomenon of Nazism has imbued this symbol with evil associations, no matter which direction it turns.

swastika

[′swäs·tə·kə]
(mathematics)
A plane curve whose equation in Cartesian coordinates x and y is y 4-x 4= xy.

swastika

symbol of German anti-Semitism since 1918; became emblem of Nazi party. [Ger. Hist.: Collier’s, XVIII, 78]

swastika

ancient sign of good luck, often in the form of a charm or talisman. [Asiatic Culture: Brewer Dictionary, 1051]
References in periodicals archive ?
After Germany's reunification, the laws banning swastikas and other propaganda symbols were maintained as part of the German Criminal Code.
A spokesman said: "Police are investigating after a small number of swastikas were found on buildings in Stoney Stanton Road, Coventry, on Thursday night.
Many of the geoglyphs were made of earthen mounds, although one example, a swastika, was made using timber.
And in a separate incident, a swastika was painted on stone work at the site of William Wallace's famous victory over the English.
Mulyana's lawyer lawyer Rohman Hidayat said that the city authorities said that the swastika was striking, easily recognisable and visible and so the owner has decided to take them down.
Michael Richardson, of Leam Lane estate in Gateshead, who bought the negatives at an auction in Byker for pounds 5, said he was stunned when he held them up to the light and saw Swastika symbols.
After all, Ganesha is often seen sitting in a lotus flower with many swastikas.
The Respect Party leader said: "I was genuinely shocked to see Nazi swastikas graffitied on signs and trees in my local park.
Officer Jason Poitras said swastikas were painted on Town Hall, the town's post office building and in other areas of town, as well as on trash barrels.
I am an American residing in Cyprus, a regular visitor to the island since December 2001, and this is just one of the many times I have been confronted by swastikas in the context of APOEL.
Three vehicles were marked with swastikas and other hate crime symbols this week in what local authorities believe are unrelated incidents.
For example, after Hitler came to power, congregants of the Emmanuel Synagogue of Hartford, Connecticut, discovered to their horror that their synagogue vestibule had been paved with a mosaic containing several swastikas.