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see ShantouShantou
or Swatow
, city (1994 est. pop. 718,800), SE Guangdong prov., China, a port on the South China Sea, in the Han River delta. When it was opened to foreign trade after the second Opium War, it was a minor fishing village.
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, China.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Shant’ou), a city in China, in Kwangtung Province, on the coast of the South China Sea, in the delta of the Han Chiang. Population, more than 300,000 (1970). Swatow is a transportation hub and seaport. The city’s machine-building industry produces ships, diesel locomotives, machine tools, hydraulic generators, agricultural implements, and instruments. The chemical industry produces photographic paper and film, plastics, and caustic soda. There are enterprises of the rubber, match, textile, tobacco, canning, and sugar industries. Craftsmen make bamboo articles, lacquer ware, umbrellas, and fans. Swatow is a center of the fishing industry.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The first batch of 52 passengers at Swatow was blocked from landing by local authorities because the deportees did not possess Chinese consular passports, which had never been required before.
He has plenty to find with hot favourite Swatow Typhoon but he will be ready to take advantage of any mistakes that his rival makes.
NEWCASTLE: 12.10 Fayette County, 12.40 Swatow Typhoon, 1.10 Cloudy Deal, 1.40 Galway Jack, 2.15 Silverton, 2.45 Cloverhill Lad, 3.20 Palermo Don.
Also known as Swatow food, Chiu Chow cuisine originated in the city of Shantou, in the coastal region of Guangdong Province, 300 km from Hong Kong.
Swatow Typhoon then took the Cheshire handler's tally to 109 by landing the bumper.
[section] In 1985, while traveling around the emigrant zone of southeastern China I visited the old trading port of Shantou (Swatow), from where many Chinese left for Southeast Asia between 1850 and 1940.
Shantou (formerly known as Swatow in the English speaking world) is a center for engineering in China and the company has won a series of awards from Guangdong province and Shantou City for outstanding technological performance.
Some parts of China saw some "three-self" movements initiated by missionaries in the mid-nineteenth century, including the development of the First and Second Amoy Church in Xiamen, as well as the self-governing presbyteries under the English Presbyterian Mission in Swatow. (4) The movement was led to a second stage with the indigenous movements started by local Chinese Christians in response to the Boxer movement.
(Taigu hangye gongsi [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]), which took him to Shantou (Swatow) [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII].
In Shanghai, Amoy, Swatow, Nanao (Nam-oa, of eastern Kwangtung), Canton and Macao, British, U.S., French, Spanish and Portuguese gangsters used deception or intimidation to seize or kidnap Chinese labouring people (the so-called "coolies") and ship them to North and South America, the West Indies, Africa and other places to do heavy labour.